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AIM AND BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of naturally occurring small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression, cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis by targeting mRNAs for translational repression or cleavage. The present study was conducted to study miRNAs in Egyptian breast cancer (BC) and their relation to metastasis, tumor invasion(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this work was to explore the value of serum vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) in patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) treated with chemotherapy. The primary end point was overall survival (OS). Secondary end points were response rate (RR), progression-free survival (PFS) and VEGF-A level at(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer (BC) is a major worldwide health care problem that mostly afflicts the elderly population in the more developed countries. It is not known how common is breast cancer among elderly Egyptian patients and whether this differs from the disease in younger patients. AIMS To study the clinico-pathological features of BC in elderly(More)
Spondylothoracic dysplasia (Jarcho-Levin syndrome) is a syndrome of unknown etiology. We describe a new case with diaphragmatic eventration. Literature review for cases of Jarcho-Levin syndrome with diaphragmatic defects, which were six cases, revealed that renal affection increased when diaphragmatic defects associate the syndrome with pulmonary(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the effect of fasting during Ramadan (the ninth lunar month) on adherence to oral hormonal therapies (OHT) among breast cancer (BC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS During Ramadan 2010, 139 BC patients were interviewed at the Egyptian National Cancer Institute. They were asked about fasting as well as intake of OHT in Ramadan and in the(More)
Over a 5 year period 626 endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) examinations were attempted in Khartoum, Sudan. The relevant duct was successfully cannulated and visualized in 94% of cases of biliary tract disease and in 73% of cases of pancreatic disease. This was due to the large number of cases with advanced pancreatic cancer. The(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma-cell neoplasm in which the interplay of several clinical, pathological and genetic parameters affects the patient's prognosis and response to treatment and survival. AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the different clinicopathological parameters of MM patients in correlation with response to therapy,(More)
In this paper, the problem of scrambling code (SC) planning and optimization in 3G networks is addressed. Scrambling Codes are used to identify and distinguish cells from one another in WCDMA networks. These SCs are reported by the mobile users to the network to declare which cells they are able to connect to. Under the limitation of available SCs to be(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide a simple myomectomy technique for low-segment Hirschsprung disease and evaluate the efficacy of the new modification. DESIGN Case series of 19 patients followed up for 12 to 56 months (mean, 39.1 months). SETTING Tanta University Hospital, Tanta, Egypt. PARTICIPANTS Nineteen patients aged 4 months to 10 years complaining of(More)