Aymé Langlade

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We assayed European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, hemocyte parameters, circulating and tissue-infiltrating hemocyte densities, circulating hemocyte type distribution and lysosomal enzyme contents, to possibly relate these hematological parameters to Bonamia ostreae infection. Circulating hemocyte densities were not statistically different between infected and(More)
UNLABELLED Intracerebroventricular (ICV) morphine administration is effective for the management of refractory cancer pain. Recent preclinical observations of acute depletion of the major endogenous intracellular antioxidant glutathione (GSH) in brain and peripheral organs after ICV morphine in rodents led us to apply microchemical methods to profile the(More)
OBJECTIVE To review pharmacology and therapeutic use of propacetamol, an injectable prodrug of acetaminophen (paracetamol). DATA SOURCES Extraction from the Medline database of French and English articles on pharmacology and clinical use of propacetamol. STUDY SELECTION Articles providing new data into the mechanisms of the analgesic action of(More)
Clonidine, an alpha2 adrenoceptor agonist, has anti-hypertensive and anti-nociceptive effects. It is commonly used in association with local anaesthetics and opioids to enhance the quality and duration of extradural analgesia in the postoperative period, and to decrease the incidence of side effects. As a sole analgesic, it has seldom been used to relieve(More)
To assess whether stoichiometric manipulation of morphine (M) metabolism can enhance analgesia or slow the development of M tolerance we co-administered M-3- glucuronide (M3G) during single or repeated doses of morphine in rats. Although M3G itself lacked analgesic activity, co-injection of M3G with M increased and prolonged analgesia beyond that seen with(More)
After intracerebroventricular administration of morphine in four cancer patients, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was analyzed by two morphine radioimmunoassays (RIA), liquid chromatography (LC) and radioreceptor assay (RRA) to evaluate the presence of morphine metabolites. Immunoreactive morphine-like substances were detected by differential RIA's. The maximum(More)
We examined the analgesic effect of morphine (M) and its metabolite morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) in a rat model of acute thermal trauma. M or M6G were given by intrathecal (IT) or intravenous (i.v.) routes after brief burn or sham burn delivered during inhalational anesthesia. In the sham group, M6G was significantly less potent than M when given i.v., yet(More)
Postoperative pain is a subjective experience involving sensations and perceptions, which may be the result of tissue damage after surgery. Various analgesic drugs and techniques can be used to relief postoperative pain. They must be adapted to the surgery and to the patient. Moreover, adequate management of postoperative pain need to be organized. This(More)