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Acute renal failure (ARF) is a common problem in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In most cases, ARF is associated with a primary condition such as sepsis, metabolic diseases, perinatal asphyxia and/or prematurity. This retrospective study investigated the course of illness, therapeutic interventions, early prognosis and risk factors associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenetic mechanisms of hepatic injury in perinatal asphyxia (PNA) are similar to those in ischemic hepatitis, yet liver involvement is currently not considered a component of multi-organ failure in PNA. METHODS A retrospective study was done on 56 newborns with PNA. Hepatocyte injury was diagnosed based on elevated serum alanine(More)
Premature constriction of the fetal ductus arteriosus has been described with long-term indomethacin therapy, but not in fetuses who have been exposed to the drug for less than 72 hours. The sensitivity of the ductus to extended indomethacin tocolysis increases with advancing gestational age. For this reason, it is recommended that indomethacin not be used(More)
We described a fetus who is delivered at 32.weeks of gestation by elective cesarian because of the fetal anhydria and unilateral hydronephrosis.A breech coming,1950 gr, 44 cm a newborn was delivered with multiple malformations and postpartum he didn't cry and siyanosis was appeared. After first interventions the newborns respiration didn't start and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine what proportion of newborns admitted with idiopathic non-hemolytic hyperbilirubinemia exhibit severe weight loss and hypernatremia. METHODS The prospective study involved 115 infants >48 h old who were admitted with jaundice between July 2002 and July 2003, and had unconjugated bilirubin levels >12 mg/dL.(More)
Acid–base disturbances have been usually evaluated with the traditional Henderson–Hasselbach method and Stewart’s physiochemical approach by quantifying anions of tissue acids (TA). It is hypothesized that an increase in tissue acids during metabolic acidosis would cause a compensatory decrease in the plasma chloride (Cl) relative to sodium (Cl–Na ratio) in(More)
Persistent pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PPIE) is a chronic form of pulmonary interstitial emphysema. The disease is histologically distinguished by large cysts and giant cells. Our patient was a female twin who was born at 31 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 1,450 g. A chest X-ray at 2 hr after delivery was normal. At 12 hr, respiratory(More)
AIM To understand the effect of prenatal chronic hypoxia on prohepcidin levels in term newborns. METHOD We determined prohepcidin (Pro-Hep) levels in both term appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) and term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. Uteroplacental insufficiency had exposed all SGA infants to chronic hypoxia. Serum samples were collected(More)
Neutropenic pediatric patients with solid tumors and malignant lymphomas were treated with recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (rh-GM-CSF). Eleven patients, including seven lympho-reticular malignancies, two Ewing's sarcoma and one patient in each group with the diagnosis of nasopharyngeal rhabdomyosarcoma, malignant mesenchymal(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the risk factors in the development of mild and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS All infants (n = 88) screened for ROP at a neonatal intensive care unit over a 2-year period with gestational age <or=34 weeks and follow-up of 43 weeks postconception were included. The findings were classified in accordance with the(More)