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Diagnosis and monitoring of kidney diseases and transplants is supported by microscopic analysis of needle-core biopsy samples. The current methods of analysis allow for inconsistencies, bias, and inaccuracies. We propose image processing methods for automatic segmentation of the effective biopsy area (cortex and medulla) from digital images of renal biopsy(More)
A classification schema for grading Polyomavirus nephropathy was proposed at the 2009 Banff allograft meeting. The schema included 3 stages of Polyomavirus nephropathy: early (stage A), florid (stage B), and late sclerosing (stage C). Grading categories for histologic viral load levels were also proposed. To examine the applicability and the interobserver(More)
Chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) is a common cause of late kidney transplant failure, characterized by progressive histological damage in the allograft. Although functional biomarkers such as creatinine are typically used to predict CAN, recent evidence suggests that composite, quantitative histological indices may be better predictors of long-term graft(More)
The most common cause of late kidney transplant failure is chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). Much research has focused on identifying biomarkers (or correlates) that would predict subsequent CAN and allow timely intervention. Functional biomarkers such as serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have been widely adopted, even(More)
BACKGROUND [corrected] Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are nonparenchymal elements that play a major role in fibrogenesis due to various pathologies. HSCs are easily activated by certain injuries, which produce contraction and relaxation of HSCs, resulting in hepatic microcirculatory disturbances. The present study sought to analyze the expression of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerular disease worldwide. Accurately identifying patients who are at risk for progressive disease is challenging. The extent to which histopathologic features improves prognostication is uncertain. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We studied a retrospective cohort(More)
As a cause of graft dysfunction, tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) seems to be the third most common pathology after rejection and cyclosporine nephrotoxicity. Among 540 needle biopsies obtained from 280 renal transplant patients between 1996 and 1999, acute TIN was detected in 23 patients (8%). The cause of acute TIN was secondary to bacterial infection(More)
Hypoxia is commonly found in human solid cancers and serves as a selective environment for the survival of aggressive cancer cells and as protection from anti-cancer therapies. In addition to a shift to anaerobic metabolism, the cellular response to hypoxia includes cessation of cell division and/or cell death. These mechanisms have still not been defined.(More)
Chordoid meningioma is a rare variant of meningioma that bears a striking histological resemblance to chordoma and has greater likelihood of recurrence. Although most meningiomas occur in the intracranial, orbital and intravertebral cavities, rare meningiomas have been reported in extracranial organs; thus, it is important to be able to distinguish them(More)