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Group A rotaviruses are major enteric pathogens of calves. In order to investigate the genetic diversity of bovine rotaviruses (BRVs), a collection of 53 BRVs, detected from diarrheic calves from several Turkish geographical areas, between 1997 and 2008 was analyzed by RT-PCR for specificities of the outer capsid proteins VP7 (G type) and VP4 (P type), for(More)
The present study describes pathologic and virologic findings in 15 sheep and 6 goats that died of natural peste des petits ruminants virus infection in Turkey. Pathologic findings included erosive-ulcerative stomatitis, fibrino-necrotic tracheitis, bronchointerstitial pneumonia, multifocal coagulation necroses in the liver, and severe lymphocytolysis in(More)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), a member of the genus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae, causes a severe disease in humans with high mortality rates. In Turkey, the number of patients with CCHF has increased since 2002. Here, we aimed to treat CCHF patients with CCHFV hyperimmunoglobulin. We prepared a CCHFV hyperimmunoglobulin product(More)
In this study, the sera collected from a variety of mammalian species (ass-mules, cat, cattle, dog, horse, human and sheep) in 10 representative provinces of Turkey, were surveyed for the presence of neutralizing antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV). Overall, 1 of 40 (2.5%) ass-mules, 4 of 100 (4%) cattle, 43 of 114 (37.7%) dogs, 35 of 259 (13.5%) horses, 18(More)
Climatic, environmental and economic changes, as well as the steadily increasing global trade and personal mobility provide ample opportunities for emerging pathogens with zoonotic potential to spread to previously unaffected countries. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is considered to be one of the major emerging disease threats spreading to(More)
INTRODUCTION Arbovirus screening in invertebrate vectors is an important component of the vector-borne disease surveillance programs. Turkey has been shown to harbor medically important mosquito-borne arboviruses such as West Nile Virus (WNV). However, limited information about infections in vectors are currently available. This study was performed to(More)
Four Pt(II) complexes with 2-H/or-methyl/or-aminomethylbenzimidazole or 1,2-dimethylbenzimidazole ligands as "non-leaving groups" were synthesized and their antiproliferative properties were tested against the human MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. The mutagenic potentials of the complexes were tested in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 98 and TA 100 in the(More)
Infections caused by viruses transmitted via blood-feeding arthropods (arthropod-borne or arboviruses) have gained considerable attention and importance during the last decades due to their resurgence, impact on public health, and changing epidemiologic features. The complex transmission cycles affected by environmental, technological, and ecological(More)
In this study, a serological survey in goat herds for antibodies against Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus (CAEV) in Turkey is described. 808 serum samples were collected from three state farms and seven private flocks in different regions of Turkey. The serologic examination was performed by Agar Gel Immunodiffusion (AGID) technique. 16 (1.9%) out of(More)
Cultural isolation, identification and biotype characterization of BVD virus is based on monolayer tissue culture techniques using mainly organs of, e.g., bovine fetuses. These might have experienced a transplacental transmission and are therefore of no use for tissue cultures produced, e.g., from kidneys of such fetuses. In order to rule out BVD virus(More)