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A novel concept for an all-optical transistor is proposed and verified numerically. This concept relies on cross-phase modulation between a signal and a control pulse. Other than previous approaches, the interaction length is extended by temporally locking control and the signal pulse in an optical event horizon, enabling continuous modification of the… (More)
A Kramers-Kronig transform of multiphoton ionization rates allows for a computation of the spectrally dependent nonlinear refractive index change and predicts its intensity dependent saturation and inversion in remarkable agreement with recent experimental results.
We report on a numerical study of supercontinuum generation in a single-mode optical fiber. We show that the modulation instability (MI) can be responsible for the generation of ultrabroadband octave-spanning continua for pico- and subpicosecond pulses in the anomalous- as well as in the normal dispersion region. The MI turns out to dominate higher-order… (More)
The concept of rogue waves arises from a mysterious and potentially calamitous phenomenon of oceanic surfaces. There is mounting evidence that they are actually commonplace in a variety of different physical settings. A set of defining criteria has been advanced; this set is of great generality and therefore applicable to a wide class of systems. The… (More)
We discuss the influence of the higher-order Kerr effect (HOKE) in wide bandgap solids at extreme intensities below the onset of optically induced damage. Using different theoretical models, we employ multiphoton absorption rates to compute the nonlinear refractive index by a Kramers-Kronig transform. Within this theoretical framework we provide an estimate… (More)
Using experimental data from three different rogue wave supporting systems, determinism, and predictability of the underlying dynamics are evaluated with methods of nonlinear time series analysis. We included original records from the Draupner platform in the North Sea as well as time series from two optical systems in our analysis. One of the latter was… (More)
We discuss pulse-splitting-isolation cycles as the origin of pulse self-compression in filaments. These cycles can be cascaded in a single gas-filled cell, giving rise to tenfold compression. XFROG spectrograms provide experimental evidence for double self-compression.
The transient appearance of bright spots in the beam profile of optical filaments formed in xenon is experimentally investigated. Fluence profiles are recorded with high-speed optical cameras at the kilohertz repetition rate of the laser source. A statistical analysis reveals a thresholdlike appearance of heavy-tailed fluence distributions together with the… (More)
Competing nonlinear optical effects that act on femtosecond laser pulses propagating in a self-generated light filament may give rise to a pronounced radial beam deformation, similar to the z-pinch contraction of pulsed high-current discharges. This self-generated spatial beam contraction is accompanied by a pulse break-up that can be beneficially exploited… (More)
Waveguide writing in poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with femtosecond laser radiation is presented. An adequate refractive index change is induced in the border area below the irradiated focal volume. It supports an almost symmetric fundamental mode with propagation losses down to 0.5 dB/cm, the lowest losses observed so far in this class of materials.… (More)