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OBJECTIVE To describe the first reported case of meningioma metastasizing to and completely infiltrating the thyroid gland. METHODS We present a detailed case report, including radiographic, histologic, and immunostaining findings, in a patient with an atypical meningioma who had a progressively enlarging thyroid mass that proved to be a metastatic(More)
BACKGROUND Use of Mayfield clamps is associated with potentially hazardous hemodynamic effects. Use of local anesthetic infiltration has yielded varying results in blunting of this response. The authors' objective was to study the effect of lidocaine with adrenaline infiltration at Mayfield pin sites on hemodynamic response in comparison with no(More)
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