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PURPOSE Thyroid-related orbitopathy (TRO) is associated with inflammation, expansion of orbital fat, enlargement of extraocular muscles, and optic neuropathy (ON). We examined the effects of orbital decompression on the inflammatory and congestive signs of TRO in patients who underwent emergent orbital decompression. METHODS This retrospective,(More)
Key Points The eyes are a central feature of the face, and patients • commonly present for aesthetic rejuvenation of the eyelids and surrounding areas. A detailed comprehension of forehead/eyebrow, eyelid • and midface anatomy, and how these separate units interrelate with each other, is critical to successful aesthetic surgery of the upper face. Eyebrow(More)
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