Ayelet B Azrad

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The melanocortin receptors in intraorbital and extraorbital rat lacrimal glands were studied with [125I][Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha MSH as radioligand and with several unlabeled melanocortin peptides. The pharmacological properties of the melanocortin receptor in both tissues appeared to be essentially identical. Receptor binding was studied in a membrane fraction(More)
Estimates of diet-disease relative risks (RRs) suffer from inaccuracies introduced by dietary measurement errors. Using the "method of triads," by which the validity coefficient (VC) of the dietary assessment method and "true" long-term intake could be estimated from 3 pairwise correlations between the FFQ, the reference method, and the biomarker, the(More)
A method for simultaneous extraction of lipids and water-soluble metabolites from a single cell sample was developed and optimized for NMR spectroscopy. Intermediary metabolites in cultured M2R mouse melanoma cells and changes therein in response to challenge with melanotropin were studied by 31P and 13C NMR. Cells were extracted with methanol, chloroform,(More)
In a 31P-NMR spectroscopic study of cultured M2R mouse melanoma cells, we previously demonstrated the acute stimulation of three peaks in the phosphomonoester region of the spectrum by [Ahx4, DPhe7]alpha-melanotropin (concomitant with an increase in cellular adenosine 3',5'-phosphate (cAMP) and a decrease in ATP [Degani, H., DeJordy, J. O. & Salomon, Y.(More)
The feedback regulatory control mechanism exerted by activated Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent protein C kinase upon gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) binding, stimulation of phosphoinositide turnover and gonadotropin secretion was investigated in cultured pituitary cells. Addition of the tumor promoter phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate(More)
INTRODUCTION Diabetes as a multifactorial disorder requires prevention measures based upon the modification of several risk factors simultaneously; otherwise, there is insufficient potential for prevention. Following the success of the American Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), we implemented an intervention program in a large Israeli healthcare(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a nutritional dietary intake database based on available reliable international nutritional databases adapted to the local needs of a specific population. DESIGN The Negev Nutritional Study (NNS) is a survey of a random sample of the Negev population regarding their dietary intake using 24-hour dietary recalls. A nutritional database(More)
Addition of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) to pituitary cells prelabeled with [32P]Pi or with myo-[2-3H]inositol, resulted in a rapid decrease in the level of [32P]phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (approximately 10 s), and in [32P]phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (approximately 1 min), followed by increased labeling of [32P]phosphatidylinositol(More)
Melanocortins appear to be involved as regulators in an ever growing number of physiological processes in cells and tissues of diverse functions. While such trends are apparent also in the case of other peptide hormones, it appears that melanocortin receptors can be regarded as unique among G-protein-linked receptors due to their special need for(More)
Deglycosylated LH ( DGLH ) abolished the stimulatory effect of LH on cAMP production by mature granulosa cells. DGLH , however, had no such inhibitory effect on the stimulatory activity of FSH, prostaglandin E2, isoproterenol, or choleragen. We have examined whether DGLH could prevent the desensitization of the cAMP response induced by continuous exposure(More)