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The human heparanase gene, an endo-beta-glucuronidase that cleaves heparan sulfate at specific intrachain sites, has recently been cloned and shown to function in tumor progression and metastatic spread. Antisense digoxigenin-labeled heparanase RNA probe and monoclonal anti-human heparanase antibodies were used to examine the expression of the heparanase(More)
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive skin tumor. The link between tumorigenesis and immunosuppression is well known and the increased prevalence of MCC in human immunodeficiency virus carriers and organ transplant recipients and in patients with hemato-oncological neoplasias is now well recognized over the past decade. In this respect,(More)
Degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components is critical for invasion. Heparan sulphate proteoglycans are abundant in the ECM of the placenta and the decidua, hence their degradation may disassemble the matrix and facilitate placentation and trophoblast invasion. This study investigates the expression of heparanase in normal and pathological(More)
Expression of heparan sulfate-degrading endoglycosidases, commonly referred to as heparanases, correlates with the metastatic potential of tumor cell lines, and treatment with heparanase inhibitors markedly reduces the incidence of metastasis in experimental animals. We purified a 50 kDa heparanase from human hepatoma and placenta and cloned a cDNA and gene(More)
The binding of Streptococcus pyogenes to fibronectin (FN) enables the adherence of this pathogen to target epithelial cells, which is the first necessary step for initiation of infection. Binding is mediated by a bacterial surface protein termed protein F. Here we provide the complete structure of protein F and identify two domains responsible for binding(More)
This review covers the role of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum in regulating Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane, the role of cytosolic free Ca2+ in modulating mitochondrial function, and the role of the plasma membrane in regulating sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+, focusing on recent findings that shed a new light on cellular Ca2+ regulation.(More)
Tumor spread involves degradation of various components of the extracellular matrix and blood vessel wall. Among these is heparan sulfate proteoglycan, which plays a key role in the self-assembly, insolubility and barrier properties of basement membranes and extracellular matrices. Expression of an endoglycosidase (heparanase) which degrades heparan sulfate(More)