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Journals and Conferences
Combinatorial and structure-based medicinal chemistry strategies were used together to advance a lead compound with an activity of K(i) = 58 microM via a potency enhancement of >70 000-fold to an analogue with an activity of K(i) = 0.8 nM against influenza neuraminidase (A/Tokyo/67). Lead optimization was initiated using molecular modeling and combinatorial… (More)
The valine at position 82 (Val 82) in the active site of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease mutates in response to therapy with the protease inhibitor ritonavir. By using the X-ray crystal structure of the complex of HIV protease and ritonavir, the potent protease inhibitor ABT-378, which has a diminished interaction with Val 82, was designed.… (More)
The structure-activity studies leading to the potent and clinically efficacious HIV protease inhibitor ritonavir are described. Beginning with the moderately potent and orally bioavailable inhibitor A-80987, systematic investigation of peripheral (P3 and P2') heterocyclic groups designed to decrease the rate of hepatic metabolism provided analogues with… (More)
The HIV protease inhibitor ABT-378 (Lopinavir) has a 2,6-dimethylphenoxyacetyl group in the P-2' position. Analogues in which this group is replaced with various substituted phenyl or heteroaryl groups were synthesized and the structure-activity relationships explored.
The general purpose of the present study was to analyze the possible interactions between the GABA-benzodiazepine and the serotonergic (5-HT) systems in the anxiolytic action of diazepam and the 5-HT1A agonists, ipsapirone, indorenate, and 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT). The effect of the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist, flumazenil… (More)
Several anxiolytic/anxiogenic treatments were evaluated on male rat sexual behavior. The anxiolytic drug diazepam (1.0 mg/kg) inhibited copulatory behavior as indicated by an increase in the number of mounts preceding ejaculation, prolongation of the ejaculation latency and the postejaculatory interval. These changes were not accompanied by alterations in… (More)
The HIV protease inhibitor ABT-378 (Lopinavir) is metabolized rapidly and extensively by CYP-3A4 catalyzed oxidation. Three of the major metabolites identified were synthesized and their antiviral (HIV) activities determined.
A series of novel pseudo-symmetrical and unsymmetrical inhibitors based on the backbone modification of a peptidomimetic were synthesized and found to be highly potent inhibitors of the HIV-1 protease (IC50 = 2.9 to < 0.5 nM). These compounds also possess good antiviral activity in vitro as measured by inhibition of the cytopathic effect of HIV-1(3B) in… (More)
Isopropyl substituted 4-thioazolyl valine side chains are highly optimized P(2)-P(3) ligands for C2 symmetry-based HIV protease inhibitors, as exemplified by the drug ritonavir. Replacement of the side chain with the conformationally constrained hexahydrofurofuranyloxy P(2) ligand in combination with a dimethylphenoxyacetate on the other end of the… (More)
The anxiety levels, tested in the conditioned defensive burying behaviour paradigm, were analyzed after various phases of copulatory behaviour. No differences in anxiety were found between the group of animals without sexual activity and the group of animals tested after five intromissions of the first ejaculatory series. A decrease in anxiety, reflected as… (More)