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Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an acute demyelinating infection of the CNS that is characterized by multifocal white matter involvement often following an infection and vaccination. A 16-year-old child receiving risperidone for 7 years for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder was hospitalized with complaints of(More)
Six genes including POMT1, POMT2, POMGNT1, FKRP, Fukutin (FKTN) and LARGE encode proteins involved in the glycosylation of α-dystroglycan (α-DG). Abnormal glycosylation of α-DG is a common finding in Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS), muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), congenital muscular dystrophy types 1C and 1D and(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of previous studies on headache in children and adolescents have focused mainly on migraine. There is a paucity of population-based studies investigating the prevalence of tension-type headache (TTH). The objectives of the present study were to estimate the prevalence of migraine and TTH in adolescents using the 2004 International(More)
On clinical grounds, arachnoid cysts are usually associated with neurological dysfunction. Little is known concerning their involvement in endocrine disorders. A seven-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital for evaluation of an unprovoked afebrile seizure. His neurological examination was normal, however, he had growth retardation. Insulin tolerance and(More)
To evaluate oxidant status in children after febrile seizures, 61 children were studied: 31 with and 30 without a febrile seizure. Erythrocyte malondialdehyde, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase levels were assessed in all patients. Erythrocyte malondialdehyde and glutathione peroxidase levels were significantly higher and superoxide dismutase(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and characteristics of recurrent headaches and to investigate the sociodemographic differences between high school students with or without recurrent headaches from Izmir, Turkey. Multistep, stratified, cluster sampling method was used in this analytic, school-based cross-sectional study.(More)
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is defined by a collection of core characteristics that include mental retardation, epilepsy, growth delay, and craniofacial dysgenesis. The disorder is caused by subtelomeric deletions in the short arm of chromosome 4. The syndrome, as described in the literature, may have a progression to resistant seizures and status epilepticus,(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate parenchymal diffusion properties and metabolite ratios in affected brain tissues of inherited neurometabolic brain diseases with an overview of the current literature about the diagnostic data of both techniques in childhood inherited metabolic brain diseases. The study group was consisting, 19 patients (15 males, 4(More)
Barrett's esophagus is a premalignant condition in which normal squamous epithelium of the esophagus is replaced by metaplastic columnar epithelium. It is a known risk factor for the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma. With the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma rising, it is reasonable to study Barrett's esophagus as a potential target for(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the homocysteine, folic acid, and vitamin B(12) levels in epileptic children receiving antiepileptic drugs. A total of 25 children with idiopathic epilepsy (8 valproate, 11 carbamazepine, and 6 oxcarbazepine) and 10 healthy children were included in the study. The mean homocysteine, folic acid, and vitamin B(12)(More)