Ayano Kobayashi

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Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes involved in allergic reactions as well as adipose tissue regulation. IL-5 is required for eosinophil survival; however, the in vivo mechanisms of eosinophil regulation are not fully understood. A tg mouse model with il5 promoter-driven EGFP expression was established for detecting the IL-5-producing cells in vivo.(More)
Extensive studies on CD4(+)  CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells suggest that they are important in regulating immune responses. However, mechanisms of peripheral Treg cell homeostasis are unknown. We found that stromal cells isolated from secondary lymphoid organs such as spleen and lymph nodes could support the survival of Treg cells. This was dependent on(More)
Anatomical containment of commensal bacteria in the intestinal mucosa is promoted by innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). However, the mechanism by which ILCs regulate bacterial localization to specific regions remains unknown. Here we show that Peyer's patch (PP) ILCs robustly produce IL-22 and IFN-γ in the absence of exogenous stimuli. Antibiotic treatment of(More)
IL-5 plays important roles in eosinophil differentiation, expansion, and recruitment. The regulation of IL-5 seems critical for the treatment of eosinophil-mediated allergic reactions. However, the precise mechanisms for IL-5 regulation remain unknown. In this study, we investigated how IL-5 production is regulated. The transduction of GATA-3 into a murine(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha plays a central role in oxygen homeostasis and energy supply by glycolysis in many cell types. We previously reported that an HIF-1alpha gene deficiency caused abnormal B cell development and autoimmunity. In this study we show that HIF-1alpha-enabled glycolysis during B cell development is required in a developmental(More)
To develop an animal model for analysing the suppressed immune response toToxoplasma gondii in newborn humans with congenital toxoplasmosis, newborn mice from chronically infected mothers were inoculated intraperitoneally with bradyzoites of an avirulent strain. The newborn mice with maternalToxoplasma antibodies showed a marked delay in the production(More)
Three novel homeobox genes, PKn1–3 (Pharbitis knotted-like), were isolated from Japanese morning glory (Pharbitis nil Chois, strain Violet). A sequence analysis showed that these genes belong to the knotted class-1 gene family and that PKn3 has a relatively unique sequence. All PKn genes are expressed in shoot apices, stems and roots, but not in cotyledons.(More)
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