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To investigate the toxicity of beta-amyloid protein which consisted of senile plaques of Alzheimer's disease (AD), this was infused into cerebral ventricle for 14 days by using mini-osmotic pump. The performance of the water maze task in beta-amyloid protein-treated rats was impaired. Choline acetyltransferase activity significantly decreased in the frontal(More)
In this study, we investigated the neuronal activity of hippocampal slices from the beta-amyloid protein-infused (300 pmol/day for 10-11 days) rats using the extracellular recording technique. Perfusion of nicotine (50 microM) reduced the amplitude of electrically evoked population spikes in the CA1 pyramidal cells of the vehicle control rats, but not in(More)
Syntaxin 18, a soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) attachment protein receptor (SNARE) protein implicated in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane fusion, forms a complex with other SNAREs (BNIP1, p31, and Sec22b) and several peripheral membrane components (Sly1, ZW10, and RINT-1). In the present study, we showed that a peripheral membrane protein(More)
The edible mushroom Lentinula edodes (shiitake) contains many bioactive compounds. In the present study, we cultivated L. edodes mycelia in solid medium and examined the hot-water extract (L.E.M.) for its suppressive effect on concanavalin A (ConA)-induced liver injury in mice. ConA injection into the tail vein caused a great increase in the serum aspartate(More)
Metrifonate is an organophosphorous compound that has been used in the treatment of schistosomiasis. In this study, we investigated the effects of metrifonate on the impairment of learning and on central cholinergic dysfunction in scopolamine-treated and basal forebrain-lesioned rats. Oral administration of metrifonate (5.0-15.0 mg/kg) ameliorated the(More)
Basigin is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. We used mutant mice lacking the basigin gene (Bsg) to investigate its involvement in learning and memory. Mutations were generated by the gene targeting method. Various kinds of learning and memory tasks were performed in mutant, hetero and wild type mice.(More)
Accumulations of beta-amyloid protein are characteristic and diagnostic features of the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients; however, the physiological role of this protein in CNS is unknown. We have previously reported that continuous infusion of beta-amyloid protein into rat cerebral ventricle impairs learning ability and decreases choline(More)
Interest has recently focused on tobacco and/or nicotine in relation to senile dementia of the Alzheimer type because the population of patients with this disease among tobacco smokers is significantly smaller than in nonsmokers. We investigated whether, in relation to the dopaminergic neuronal system, nicotine was effective in ameliorating the impairment(More)
Several studies have indicated the possibility of using cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitors as therapeutic drugs for Alzheimer's disease. Metrifonate (MTF) is an organophosphorus compound that has been used in the treatment of schistosomiasis. In this study, we investigated the effects of MTF on the impairment of learning and memory, decreased ChE activity and(More)
The mycelia of the edible mushroom Lentinula edodes can be cultured in solid medium containing lignin, and the hot-water extracts (L.E.M.) is commercially available as a nutritional supplement. During the cultivation, phenolic compounds, such as syringic acid and vanillic acid, were produced by lignin-degrading peroxidase secreted from L. edodes mycelia.(More)