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— Evacuating a building in an emergency situation can be very confusing and dangerous. Exit signs are static and thus have no ability to convey information about congestion or danger between the sign and the actual exit door. Emergency personnel may arrive too late to assist in an evacuation. Robots, however, can be stored inside of buildings and can be(More)
overview of the robotic resources available to AI educators and provides context for the articles in this special issue. We set the stage by addressing the trade-offs among a number of established and emerging hardware and software platforms, curricular topics, and robot contests used to motivate and teach undergraduate AI. R obot platforms have played a(More)
In this paper we present a collection of graph-based methods for determining if a team of mobile robots, subjected to sensor and communication range constraints, can persistently achieve a specified formation. What we mean by this is that the formation, once achieved, will be preserved by the direct maintenance of the smallest subset of all possible(More)
This paper presents a rule-based Fuzzy Traversability Index that quantifies the ease-of-traversal of a terrain by a mobile robot based on real-time measurements of terrain characteristics retrieved from imagery data. These characteristics include, but are not limited to: slope, roughness, hardness, and discontinuity. The proposed representation of terrain(More)
Abs@act Sun sensors are widely used in spacecraft attitude determination subsystems to provide a measurement of the sun vector in spacecraft coordinates. At the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, there is an ongoing research activity to utilize Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) processes to develop a smaller and lighter sun(More)
This paper presents a technique for learning to assess terrain traversability for outdoor mobile robot navigation using human-embedded logic and real-time perception of terrain features extracted from image data. The methodology utilizes a fuzzy logic framework and vision algorithms for analysis of the terrain. The terrain assessment and learning(More)
— Recently, it has been discovered that the giant ice sheets covering Greenland and Antarctica have been shrinking at an accelerated rate. While it is believed that these regions hold important information related to global climate change, there is still insufficient data to be able to accurately predict the future behavior of those ice sheets. Satellites(More)