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The effect of restraint stress (RS) on neurobehavioral and brain oxidative/nitrosative stress markers and their modulation by antioxidants and nitrergic agents were evaluated in young (2 months) and old (16 months) male Wistar rats. Exposure to RS, induced anxiogenesis when tested in the elevated plus maze (EPM) and open field (OF) tests and such changes(More)
Cranial irradiation is widely used in cancer therapy, but it often causes cognitive defects in cancer survivors. Oxidative stress is considered a major cause of tissue injury from irradiation. However, in an earlier study mice deficient in the antioxidant enzyme extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD KO) showed reduced sensitivity to radiation-induced(More)
The effect of restraint stress (RS) on neurobehavioral and brain oxidative stress parameters, and their modulation by antioxidants were evaluated in male and cycling female rats. Exposure to RS suppressed both open arm entries and open arm time in the elevated plus maze and these changes were more marked in males than in females. Assay of brain homogenates(More)
Therapeutic irradiation of the brain is a common treatment modality for brain tumors, but can lead to impairment of cognitive function. Dendritic spines are sites of excitatory synaptic transmission and changes in spine structure and number are thought to represent a morphological correlate of altered brain functions associated with hippocampal dependent(More)
Ionizing radiation reduces the numbers of neurons expressing activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (Arc) in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). It is currently unclear if that change relates to cognitive function. We assessed the effects of 1 Gy of head-only ⁵⁶Fe-particle irradiation on hippocampus-dependent and hippocampus-independent fear(More)
PURPOSE Uncontrolled radiation exposure due to radiological terrorism, industrial accidents or military circumstances is a continuing threat for the civilian population. Age plays a major role in the susceptibility to radiation; younger children are at higher risk of developing cognitive deterioration when compared to adults. Our objective was to determine(More)
A unique feature of the space radiation environment is the presence of high-energy charged particles, which can be significantly hazardous to space flight crews who are exposed during a mission. Health risks associated with high-LET radiation exposure include cognitive injury. The pathogenesis of this injury is unknown but may involve modifications to(More)
Recent advances in our knowledge of estrogen action in the brain suggest that this steroid is not solely an endocrine factor but plays important but hitherto largely unrecognized physiological and pathophysiological roles that are not directly involved in reproductive processes. Estrogens are now known to influence a wide variety of functions in the(More)
The present study evaluated the effects of NO mimetics on stress-induced neurobehavioral changes and the possible involvement of ROS-RNS interactions in rats. Restraint stress (RS) suppressed both percent open arm entries and time spent in the open arms in the elevated plus maze (EPM) test. These RS-induced changes in EPM activity were attenuated by the NO(More)
The present study evaluated the effects of acute and chronic restraint stress (RS 1 h or 6 h), and their modulation by nitrergic agents on neurobehavioral and oxidative stress markers in rats. Acute RS (1 h or 6 h) reduced open arm entries (OAE) and open arm time (OAT) in the elevated plus maze test - which were attenuated by the NO precursor, L-arginine(More)