Ayako Tasaki

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OBJECTIVE Pathological breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is thought to constitute the beginning of the disease process in neuromyelitis optica (NMO). In the current study, we investigated possible molecular mechanisms responsible for the breakdown of BBB using NMO sera. METHODS We analysed the effects of sera obtained from anti-aquaporin 4 (AQP4)(More)
BACKGROUND Pathological destruction of blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been thought to be the initial key event in the process of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of the present study was to clarify the possible molecular mechanisms responsible for the malfunction of BBB by sera from relapse-remitting MS (RRMS) and secondary progressive MS(More)
Autoantibodies against astrocyte water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4) are highly specific for neuromyelitis optica (NMO). However, the molecular mechanism of NMO still remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the possible humoral mechanisms responsible for the occurrence of astrocytic damage. Human primary astrocytes (AST) were immortalized by(More)
Effects of the reagents suppressing or supporting axoplasmic microtubule assembly were studied on the Na ionic current of squid giant axons by perfusing the axon internally with the solution containing the reagent. Among the reagents suppressing the assembly, colchicine, vinblastine, podophyllotoxin, sulfhydryl reagents such as DTNB and NEM, and chaotropic(More)
Effect of internal colchicine on asymmetrical displacement currents was studied by internally perfusing squid giant axons with a solution containing colchicine. It was found that (1) asymmetrical displacement currents were composed of two parts; colchicine-sensitive and colchicine-resistant; that (2) the colchicine-sensitive part had a definite rising phase(More)
OBJECTIVE In multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN), the destruction of the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) has been considered to be the key step in the disease process. The purpose of the present study was to ascertain whether sera from patients with MMN can open the BNB, and which component of patient sera is the most important for this disruption. METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain the hypothesis that the phenotypic differences between Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE) and Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) are derived from the differences in the effects of sera on blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-nerve barrier. BACKGROUND Antibodies against GQ1b are frequently detected in BBE and MFS, and these two(More)
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