Ayako Shiraki

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To clarify the effect of systemic growth retardation on behavior, pregnant rats were fed a synthetic diet with either a normal (20% casein) or low (10% casein) protein concentration from gestational day 10 to postnatal day (PND) 21 at weaning. Offspring were examined for sensory and reflex functions, detailed clinical observations, manipulative test, grip(More)
Hypothyroidism affects neurogenesis. The present study was performed to clarify the sensitivity of neurogenesis-related cellular responses in the hippocampal dentate gyrus between developmental and adult-stage hypothyroidism. An exposure study of methimazole (MMI) as an anti-thyroid agent at 0, 50, 200 ppm in the drinking water was performed using pregnant(More)
The aim of this investigation was to corroborate the relationship between DNA ploidy and chromosomal variation in surgically removed colorectal cancers. For 101 specimens from 21 advanced colorectal cancers, the numerical variations in chromosomes 7, 17, and 18 among cells were measured by fluorescence in situ hybridization using DNA probes specific for(More)
We previously found that exposure to glycidol at 1000 ppm in drinking water caused axonopathy in maternal rats and aberrations in late-stage hippocampal neurogenesis, targeting the process of neurite extension in offspring. To identify the profile of developmental neurotoxicity of glycidol, pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were given drinking water containing(More)
The present study was performed to determine target gene profiles associated with pathological mechanisms of developmental neurotoxicity. For this purpose, we selected a rat developmental hypothyroidism model because thyroid hormones play an essential role in both neuronal and glial development. Region-specific global gene expression analysis was performed(More)
Phenobarbital (PB) and orphenadrine (ORPH) are cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B inducers and have liver tumor-promoting effects in rats. In this study, we performed a rat two-stage liver carcinogenesis bioassay to examine the tumor-promoting effect of PB and ORPH co-administration. Twelve male rats per group were given an intraperitoneal injection of(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize canine classical seminoma (SE) and spermatocytic seminoma (SS) by immunohistochemical expression of gonocytic and spermatogonial cellular markers (c-Kit, placental alkaline phosphatase [PLAP], protein gene product 9.5 [PGP9.5] and Sal-like protein 4 [Sall4]) and histochemically by the periodic acid-Schiff(More)
To examine the developmental exposure effect of nicotine (NIC) on hippocampal neurogenesis, pregnant Sprague–Dawley rats were treated with (−)-NIC hydrogen tartrate salt through drinking water at 2, 10 or 50 ppm from gestational day 6 to day 21 after delivery. On postnatal day (PND) 21, immunohistochemically doublecortin (Dcx)+ cells increased at ≥10 ppm in(More)
A subcutaneous tumour was identified in the maxillary region of a 14-year-old mixed breed dog. This tumour had grown rapidly over 2 weeks. Microscopically, the tumour had ill-defined borders and was composed of bundles and whorls of atypical spindle cells accompanied by abundant collagen fibres. Immunohistochemically, neoplastic cells were immunoreactive(More)
Orphenadrine (ORPH), an anticholinergic agent, is a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B inducer. CYP2B inducers are known to have liver tumor-promoting effects in rats. In this study, we performed a rat two-stage liver carcinogenesis bioassay to examine the tumor-promoting effect of ORPH and to clarify its possible mechanism of action. Male rats were given a single(More)