Ayako Shiraishi

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Eldecalcitol (ED-71), a 2β-hydroxypropyloxy derivative of 1α,25(OH)(2)D(3), inhibits bone resorption more potently than does alfacalcidol while maintaining osteoblastic function in an estrogen-deficient, high-turnover osteoporosis rat model. Alendronate (ALN) has been reported to increase bone mass by suppressing bone resorption mainly by inducing apoptosis(More)
UNLABELLED The bone phenotype of mice overexpressing MIF was studied. These mice showed decreased trabecular bone, increased bone formation rate, and increased MMP-3, -9, and -13 mRNA expression in the femora and tibias. This model provides evidence of the role played by MIF in bone remodeling and balance in vivo. INTRODUCTION The role of macrophage(More)
We conducted this study to evaluate the characteristic effects of alfacalcidol (ALF) and menatetrenone (VK) in preventing bone loss using an ovariectomized rat model of osteoporosis. Bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) or sham operation was performed on 10-month-old female Wistar rats. OVX caused a significant decrease in the bone mass and the mechanical strength(More)
The present study was designed to determine the effects of glucocorticoid (GC) on bone turnover, minerals, structure, and bone mechanical properties in minipigs. Six 8-month-old Göttingen minipigs were subcutaneously injected with prednisolone (PN, 0.5 mg/kg body wt (BW)/day, 5 days/week for 26 weeks (Group GC)), 6 were treated with vehicle alone (Group(More)
Although alfacalcidol is widely used in the treatment of osteoporosis, its mechanism of action in bone is not fully understood. Alfacalcidol stimulates intestinal calcium (Ca) absorption, increases urinary Ca excretion and serum Ca levels, and suppresses parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. It remains to be clarified, especially under vitamin D-replete(More)
1-Alpha, 25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1α,25(OH)2D3), an active form of vitamin D3, plays a critical role in calcium and bone metabolism. Although 1α,25(OH)2D3 has been used for osteoporosis therapy, the direct role of 1α,25(OH)2D3 on human osteoclastogenesis has not been well characterized. Here we show that 1α,25(OH)2D3 treatment significantly inhibited human(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess whether a nutritional supply of calcium (Ca) could be substituted for alfacalcidol (ALF) administration in preventing bone loss due to estrogen deficiency. Female Wistar-Imamichi rats (8 months old) were ovariectomized (OVX) or sham-operated. OVX rats received ALF administration (0.025, 0.5, or 0.1 μg/kg, p.o., 5(More)
Both bone density and quality are important determinants of bone strength. Bone quality is prescribed by matrix characteristic including collagen cross-linking and bone structural characteristics and is important in reinforcement of bone strength. We investigated the effects of alfacalcidol (ALF), a prodrug of calcitriol, and alendronate (ALN), a(More)
Bone fragility is increased in glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteopenia even though GC-treated patients have higher bone mineral density (BMD), suggesting that the impaired bone quality may affect bone strength. This study was conducted to clarify the effects of GC on bone strength and collagen cross-links of adult rats and the effect of coadministration of(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted the present study to investigate the therapeutic effects of a combination treatment of alfacalcidol (ALF) and risedronate (RIS) on the bone mechanical properties of bone and calcium (Ca) metabolism using an ovariectomized (OVX) rat model of osteoporosis. METHODS Female Wistar rats were OVX- or sham-operated at 40 weeks of age.(More)