Ayako Sedohara

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A vertebrate eye was induced via a series of coordinated inductive interactions. Here, we describe a novel in vitro system to induce eye formation at high frequency using Xenopus early gastrulae. The eye formed in vitro is morphologically similar to the normal eye. When the in vitro eye was transplanted into a stage-33 tadpole, the optic nerve was seen(More)
A recent study revealed the presence of a unique population of myeloid cells in the anterior ventral (AV) mesoderm of Xenopus laevis embryo, as characterized by the expression of peroxidase 2 (POX2), which encodes for a leukocyte-specific enzyme. The current report further characterized the POX2-positive cells in terms of their contribution to hematopoiesis(More)
BMP-4 has been implicated in the patterning of the Dorsal-Ventral axis of mesoderm and ectoderm. In this study, we describe the posteriorizing effect of BMP-4 on the neural inducing ability of dorsal mesoderm (dorsal lip region) in Xenopus gastrulae. Dorsal lip explants dissected from stage 10.25 embryos retained anterior inducing ability when precultured(More)
Several in vitro systems exist for the induction of animal caps using growth factors such as activin. In this paper, we compared the competence of activin-treated animal cap cells dissected from the late blastulae of Xenopus tropicalis and Xenopus laevis. The resultant tissue explants from both species differentiated into mesodermal and endodermal tissues(More)
In early neural development, active cell proliferation and apoptosis take place concurrent with cell differentiation, but how these processes are coordinated remains unclear. In this study, we characterized the role of XBtg2 in Xenopus neural development. XBtg2 transcripts were detected at the edge of the anterolateral neural plate and the neural crest(More)
Chromatin fluidity, which is one of the indicators of higher-order structures in chromatin, is associated with cell differentiation. However, little is known about the relationships between chromatin fluidity and cell differentiation status in embryonic development. We established an in vitro reconstitution system that uses isolated nuclei and cytoplasmic(More)
Wnt proteins are thought to bind to their receptors on the cell surfaces of neighboring cells. Wnt8 likely substitutes for the dorsal determinants in Xenopus embryos to dorsalize early embryos via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Here, we show that Wnt8 can dorsalize Xenopus embryos working cell autonomously. Wnt8 mRNA was injected into a cleavage-stage(More)
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