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The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene is a promising candidate for introducing the heritability of interindividual variation in personality and the genetic susceptibility for various psychiatric diseases. Transcription of the gene is modulated by a common polymorphism in its upstream regulatory region (5-HTT gene-linked polymorphic region: 5-HTTLPR). The(More)
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, the causative agent of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), was first isolated from armadillos from the Amazonian region where the mycosis is uncommon. In the present study, we report on the high incidence of PCM infection in armadillos from a hyperendemic region of the disease. Four nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) were(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was performed to assess a new indicator of regional left ventricular contraction determined by a two-dimensional tissue Doppler imaging technique. BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that instantaneous tissue motion velocity can be noninvasively assessed by tissue Doppler imaging. However, quantitative assessment of regional(More)
Benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy is an autosomal dominant idiopathic epileptic syndrome characterized by adult-onset tremulous finger movement, myoclonus, epileptic seizures, and nonprogressive course. It was recently recognized in Japanese families. In this study, we report that the gene locus is assigned to the distal long arm of chromosome 8, by(More)
Among children with asymptomatic hematuria, 28 cases of nonglomerular idiopathic renal bleeding were subjected to this series of study. Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and/or renal venography were performed to investigate the hematuria of unknown etiology. DSA clearly demonstrated the entrapment of the left renal vein (LRV), or(More)
Ochroconis gallopava is a species of dematiaceous fungi recognized as a causative agent of zoonotic and emerging fungal infections. It affects the central nervous system and respiratory tracts of humans, birds and cats. We designed O. gallopava species-specific primer sets to aid in its identification by a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)(More)
Hereditary dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease with variable clinical phenotypes. Progressive ataxia, choreoathetosis, and dementia are the main clinical features of adult-onset cases, whereas the main feature in juvenile-onset DRPLA is progressive myoclonus epilepsy. Earlier onset is apparent in(More)
Prosaposin is the precursor for saposins A, B, C, and D, which are small lysosomal proteins required for the hydrolysis of sphingolipids by specific lysosomal hydrolases. With a monospecific anti-saposin C antibody, which cross-reacts with prosaposin but not with saposin A, B, or D, the present immunoblot experiments showed that the rat brain expresses an(More)
Prosaposin, a 517-amino-acid glycoprotein, not only acts as the precursor of saposin A, B, C, and D but also possesses neurotrophic activity to rescue hippocampal CA1 neurons from ischemic damage in vivo and to promote neurite extension of neuroblastoma cells in vitro. Recently, the trophic activity of prosaposin on human neuroblastoma cells has been shown(More)