Ayako Okazaki

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Ion-transporting rhodopsins are widely utilized as optogenetic tools both for light-induced neural activation and silencing. The most studied representative is Bacteriorhodopsin (BR), which absorbs green/red light (∼570 nm) and functions as a proton pump. Upon photoexcitation, BR induces a hyperpolarization across the membrane, which, if incorporated into a(More)
Using four cultured cell models representing liver, keratinocyte, and osteoblast, we have demonstrated that the vitamin D analog, 22-oxacalcitriol is degraded into a variety of hydroxylated and side chain truncated metabolites. Four of these metabolic products have been rigorously identified by high pressure liquid chromatography, diode array(More)
Recent development of optogenetic techniques, which utilize light-driven ion channels or ion pumps for controlling the activity of excitable cells, has greatly facilitated the investigation of nervous systems in vivo. A new generation of optical silencers includes outward-directed proton pumps, such as Arch, which have several advantages over currently(More)
BACKGROUND Optogenetic techniques using light-driven ion channels or ion pumps for controlling excitable cells have greatly facilitated the investigation of nervous systems in vivo. A model organism, C. elegans, with its small transparent body and well-characterized neural circuits, is especially suitable for optogenetic analyses. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Application of novel light-driven ion channel/pumps would benefit optogenetic studies of Caenorhabditis elegans. A recent study showed that ArchT, a novel light-driven outward proton pump, is >3 times more light-sensitive than the Arch proton pump. Here we report the silencing effect of ArchT in C. elegans cells. ArchT expressed by using a body-wall muscle(More)
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