Ayako Inoshita

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The pathogenesis of focal glomerular sclerosis (FGS) is poorly understood. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a potent pro-inflammatory cytokine released from T cells and macrophages, and is a key molecule in inflammation. To examine further the possible role of MIF in FGS, we measured MIF levels in the urine. The purpose of the present study(More)
Segmental duplications (low-copy repeats) are the recently duplicated genomic segments in the human genome that display nearly identical (> 90%) sequences and account for about 5% of euchromatic regions. In germline, duplicated segments mediate nonallelic homologous recombination and thus cause both non-disease-causing copy-number variants and genomic(More)
Hereditary hearing loss is one of the most prevalent inherited human birth defects, affecting one in 2000. A strikingly high proportion (50%) of congenital bilateral nonsyndromic sensorineural deafness cases have been linked to mutations in the GJB2 coding for the connexin26. It has been hypothesized that gap junctions in the cochlea, especially connexin26,(More)
CONCLUSION GJB2 mutations are responsible not only for deafness but also for the occurrence of vestibular dysfunction. However, vestibular dysfunction tends to be unilateral and less severe in comparison with that of bilateral deafness. OBJECTIVES The correlation between the cochlear and vestibular end-organs suggests that some children with congenital(More)
Mutations in the connexin26 gene (GJB2) are the most common genetic cause of congenital bilateral non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. Transgenic mice were established carrying human Cx26 with the R75W mutation that was identified in a deaf family with autosomal dominant negative inheritance [Kudo T et al. (2003) Hum Mol Genet 12:995-1004]. A(More)
HYPOTHESIS The present study assessed how to inject a gene into the mouse vestibule and which is the optimum gene to the mouse vestibule adenovirus (AdV) vector or adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector. BACKGROUND Loss of vestibular hair cell is seen in various balance disorder diseases. There have been some reports concerning gene delivery to the mouse(More)
The greater epithelial ridge (GER) is a developmental structure in the maturation of the organ of Corti. Situated near the inner hair cells of neonatal mice, the GER undergoes a wave of apoptosis after postnatal day 8 (P8). We evaluated the GER from P8 to P12 in transgenic mice that carry the R75W + mutation, a dominant-negative mutation of human gap(More)
There are a number of genetic diseases that affect the cochlea early in life, which require normal gene transfer in the early developmental stage to prevent deafness. The delivery of adenovirus (AdV) and adeno-associated virus (AAV) was investigated to elucidate the efficiency and cellular specificity of transgene expression in the neonatal mouse cochlea.(More)
The increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has been linked to arterial hypertension and insulin resistance. However, an effective antihypertensive agent for patients with SDB has not been identified. We investigated the effect of the angiotensin II subtype 1 receptor blocker olmesartan(More)
AIM Changes in plasma immunoreactive insulin (IRI) and connecting-peptide immunoreactivity (CPR) concentrations during hemodialysis (HD) were evaluated in diabetic HD patients with 3 different high-flux membranes. The removal properties of the membranes were compared. METHOD In this prospective controlled study, 15 stable diabetic patients on HD were(More)