Ayako Imai

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A 51-year-old man with non-HLA-DR2 histocompatibility developed classic signs and symptoms of the narcoleptic tetrad soon after recovering from an episode of cardiopulmonary insufficiency, which occurred during induction of surgical anesthesia. Symptoms included excessive daytime sleepiness, hypnagogic hallucinations, sleep paralysis, and cataplexy. The(More)
Color-coded, cross-sectional imaging of local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) was made in a prospective manner among 22 patients with well-established common or classic migraine utilizing the stable xenon-enhanced computed tomographic (Xe CT-CBF) method. LCBF in patients during spontaneously occurring headaches (N = 12) were significantly higher compared to(More)
Methods are described for non-invasive, computer-assisted serial scanning throughout the human brain during eight minutes of inhalation of 27%-30% Xenon gas in order to measure local cerebral blood flow (LCBF). Optimized Xenon-enhanced computed tomography (XeCT) was achieved by 5-second scanning at one-minute intervals utilizing a state-of-the-art CT(More)
Results of measurements of LCBF and L lambda values utilizing optimal CT-CBF methods under resting conditions are reported among thirty-two neurologically normal volunteers aged between 20 and 88 years. Measurements were made during inhalation of 26-30% stable xenon gas for 8 min and serial scanning utilizing a state-of the-art CT scanner with both eyes(More)
Seventeen severe chronic alcoholic patients with and without Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) were examined prospectively after being treated by withdrawal from alcohol. The WKS patients also received thiamine supplements. Three-dimensional measurements of local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) and local partition coefficients (L lambda) were made utilizing(More)
Prenatal sex hormones can induce abnormalities in the reproductive system and adversely impact on genital development. We investigated whether sex hormones in cord blood influenced the ratio of the second to fourth digit lengths (2D/4D) in school-aged children. Of the 514 children who participated in a prospective cohort study on birth in Sapporo between(More)
Phosphoinositide (PI) turnover was examined by measuring phosphatidic acid (PA) and diacylglycerol (DG) production following thrombin stimulation in platelet membranes from 20 schizophrenic patients, 10 patients with other mental disorders, and 9 normal controls. In 6 of 13 acute schizophrenic patients, DG was not transformed into phosphatidic acid (PA),(More)
Phosphatidylinositol (PI)-cycle in the platelet membrane was examined in eight untreated patients with psychotic symptoms. A defect of PI-cycle in the transformation from 1,2-diacylglycerol into phosphatidic acid was found in three patients, who were diagnosed as having Schizophrenic Disorders or Schizophreniform Disorder according to the DSM-III criteria.(More)