Ayako Harashima

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Among the enteroviruses, polioviruses and enterovirus 71 (EV71) are two major neurotropic viruses causing serious neurological manifestations. While polioviruses are being eradicated globally by vaccination, EV71 still has the potential to cause a large outbreak such as that in Taiwan in 1998, in which there were many fatalities. In this study, we(More)
Poliovirus and enterovirus 71 (EV71) are both neurotropic enteroviruses that cause serious neurological diseases, such as poliomyelitis and encephalitis. The neurovirulence of EV71 in cynomolgus monkeys was demonstrated previously by intraspinal inoculation. In this study, an improved simian model of EV71 infection was established by using intravenous(More)
Transgenic mice bearing the human poliovirus receptor (TgPVR) are less susceptible to oral inoculation, although they are susceptible to parenteral inoculation. We investigated the susceptibility of TgPVR 21 line [Arch. Virol. 130 (1994) 351] to poliovirus through various mucosal routes. Intranasal inoculation of a neurovirulent Mahoney strain (OM1) caused(More)
Advanced age is a risk factor of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in humans. To understand its pathogenesis, we developed an animal model using BALB/c mice and the mouse-passaged Frankfurt 1 isolate of SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV). We examined the immune responses to SARS-CoV in both young and adult mice. SARS-CoV induced severe respiratory illness(More)
To understand the pathogenesis and develop an animal model of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV), the Frankfurt 1 SARS-CoV isolate was passaged serially in young F344 rats. Young rats were susceptible to SARS-CoV but cleared the virus rapidly within 3 to 5 days of intranasal inoculation. After 10 serial passages,(More)
The effects of injection of thimerosal solution on nonsensitized animals was investigated. Intrafootpad injection of thimerosal solution in nonsensitized mice resulted in a swelling response which peaked 1 h after injection and lasted for more than 24 h. Histopathological examination showed that there were severe edema and infiltration of polymorphonuclear(More)
To clarify the similarities of poliovirus infection in cynomolgus monkeys and transgenic mice bearing the poliovirus receptor, TgPVR21, we compared the pathological changes of these animals following intraspinal inoculation of two strains of poliovirus type 3 using immunohistochemical detection of the capsid antigen. All of the monkeys inoculated with 10(6)(More)
Two batches each of diphtheria -- tetanus -- acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) and that combined with inactivated polio vaccine purchased from the U.S.A., European and Asian markets were compared with Japanese DTaPs by Japanese control tests for DTaP and laboratory models for local reaction. All the imported vaccines met Japanese criteria for toxicities of(More)
 T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) is a rare post-thymic T-cell neoplasm which shares most clinical features with adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). We measured serum level of C-terminal parathyroid hormone-related protein (C-PTHrP) in patients with T-PLL and ATL. Serum C-PTHrP levels of eight patients with T-PLL (median 36.8 pmol/l; range 27.0–50.2 pmol/l)(More)