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Skeletal resistance to parathyroid hormone (PTH) is well known to the phenomenon in chronic renal failure patient, but the detailed mechanism has not been elucidated. In the process of analyzing an animal model of renal failure with low bone turnover, we demonstrated decreased expression of PTH receptor (PTHR) accompanying renal dysfunction in this model.(More)
In addition to their stimulating function on osteoclastic bone resorption, bone resorptive factors may regulate proteinases and related factors in osteoblastic cells to degrade bone matrix proteins. This study investigated the regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) by bone resorptive factors in the(More)
The yeast MAPKKK Ste11 activates three MAP kinase pathways, including pheromone signaling, osmosensing, and pseudohyphal/invasive growth pathways. We identified two chemical compounds, BTB03006 and GK03225, that suppress growth defects induced by Ste11 activation in diploid yeast cells. BTB03006, but not GK03225, was found to suppress growth defects induced(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a crucial risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and combined CKD and CVD further increases morbidity and mortality. Here, we investigated effects of AST-120 on oxidative stress and kidney injury using a model of myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH At 10 weeks, male(More)
BACKGROUND Using a rat model of renal failure with normal parathyroid hormone levels, we had demonstrated previously that bone formation decreased depending on the degree of renal dysfunction, and hypothesized that uraemic toxins (UTx) are associated with the development of low-turnover bone development, complicating renal failure. In this study, focusing(More)
Protein-bound polysaccharide-K (PSK) is extracted from Coriolus versicolor (CM101), and is clinically used in combination therapy for gastrointestinal cancer and small cell lung carcinoma. PSK is a biological response modifier (BRM), and its mechanism of action is partly mediated, by modulating host immune systems, such as the activation of immune effector(More)
Abnormal bone turnover and mineral metabolism is observed in patients on dialysis. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHP) develops in response to mineral metabolism changes accompanying renal failure. As a factor of disease progression, the phenomenon of skeletal resistance to parathyroid hormone (PTH) is observed. With recent advances in the treatment of SHP,(More)
The removal of unmineralized matrix from the bone surface is essential for the initiation of osteoclastic bone resorption because osteoclasts cannot attach to the unmineralized osteoid. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to digest bone matrix. We recently reported that among the MMPs expressed in mouse osteoblastic cells, MMP-13 (collagenase-3) was(More)
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) develop various kinds of abnormalities in bone and mineral metabolism, widely known as renal osteodystrophy (ROD). Although the pathogenesis of ESRD may be similar in many patients, the response of the bone varies widely, ranging from high to low turnover. ROD is classified into several types, depending on the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Protein-bound polysaccharide-K (PSK) is extracted from Coriolus versicolor (CM101) and is clinically used in combination therapy for gastrointestinal cancer and small-cell lung carcinoma. We have previously demonstrated that PSK induces apoptosis and inhibites proliferation of promyelomonocytic leukemia HL-60 cells, but the signaling pathway(More)