Ayako Ajima

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In the primary visual cortex of higher mammals, orientation preferences are represented continuously except for singular points, so-called pinwheel centers. In spite of the uniqueness of orientation pinwheel centers, very little is known about the pattern of their arrangement. In this study we examined the arrangement of orientation pinwheel centers in the(More)
The mammalian striate cortex is organized such that the receptive field properties of neighboring neurons change gradually across the cortical surface, forming so-called cortical maps. The presence of such maps has been demonstrated in different species of mammals for several parameters characterizing the visual space: retinotopy, ocular dominance,(More)
It has been suggested that sigma receptor antagonists may be useful as antipsychotic drugs. N, N-dipropyl-2-[4-methoxy-3-(2-phenylethoxy)phenyl]-ethylamine monohydrochloride (NE-100) is a novel compound with high affinity for the sigma receptor (IC50 = 4.16 nM), but low affinity (IC50 > 10,000 nM) for D1, D2, 5-HT1A, 5-HT2 and phencyclidine (PCP) receptors.(More)
In order to investigate phosphorylation-dephosphorylation processes underlying long-term depression (LTD) in cerebellar Purkinje cells, the protein phosphatase inhibitors calyculin A and microcystein-LR were applied to Purkinje cells in guinea pig cerebellar slices either by bath application or by intracellular pressure injection. Under the influence of(More)
A dialysis cannula was implanted into rat striatum while the animals were anesthetized, and after at least one day following the surgery the area was perfused with Ringer solution under the unrestrained and unanesthetized conditions. Concentration of acetylcholine (ACh) in the perfusate was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
Temporal sequences of inputs to the rat whiskers are thought to be important to recognize the environment of the rat. In this study, we applied combined stimulations to neighboring whiskers D1 and D2, and the cortical activities evoked in the rat barrel cortex were measured using the intrinsic optical imaging technique. The timing of stimulation to(More)
Higher visual cortical areas are involved in the perception of complex stimuli, such as the optic flow created by self-motion. On the other hand, area 18 is thought to extract primitive visual features, feeding higher cortical areas for further processing. In this study, we applied optical imaging of intrinsic signals in the central, lower visual field of(More)
In the rat barrel cortex, neurons in layer 4 are topographically arranged in a precise columnar structure, and the excitatory feed-forward input from layer 4 to layer 2/3 projects almost exclusively within the home barrel column. Here we analyzed the lateral connectivity that links neighboring columns in layer 2/3, which is necessary for integrating(More)
Using in vivo brain dialysis under freely moving conditions, we have studied the effects of dopamine (DA) agonists and antagonists on acetylcholine (ACh) and DA release in rat striatum. The striatal infusion of the D1 DA receptor specific agonist, SKF38393, increased striatal ACh release in a dose-dependent manner (10(-6) to 10(-4) M), and 3 x 10(-5) M(More)
Synaptic potentials were recorded intracellularly from Purkinje cells in guinea pig cerebellar slices. EPSPs evoked by stimulation of parallel fibers were effectively blocked by perfusion of a slice with the synthetic analog of Joro spider toxin, 1-naphthylacetyl-spermine (NAS) at 250 microM. However, it did not influence those responses evoked by(More)