Aya Sugiyama

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Intraplantar injection of capsaicin into the mouse hindpaw produced an acute nociceptive response. The involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors was examined by intrathecal administration of various excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor antagonists. The selective and competitive NMDA receptor antagonists, D(-)-2-amino-5-phosphono-valeric acid(More)
The formalin test has been proposed as an animal model of pain produced by tissue injury. Although biphasic nociceptive responses to formalin injection have been well documented, low concentrations (0.125 and 0.5%) of formalin injected into the mouse hindpaw produced only the phasic (acute) paw-licking response, lasting the first 5 min after the formalin(More)
Growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptides (GHRPs) are synthetic peptides that strongly induce GH release. GHRPs act via a specific receptor, the GHRP receptor (GHSR), of which ghrelin is a natural ligand. GHRPs also induce adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) release in healthy subjects. GHRPs or ghrelin stimulate ACTH release via corticotropin-releasing factor(More)
The intrathecal (i.t.) injection of capsaicin (0.1 nmol/mouse) through a lumbar puncture elicited scratching, biting and licking responses. Pretreatment with the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (320 nmol), by i.t. injection, resulted in a significant inhibition of the behavioural response produced by i.t. capsaicin(More)
Pretreatment with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor L-NG-nitro arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) or intrathecally (i.t.), produced a significant antinociception in the mouse assessed by the capsaicin-induced paw licking procedure. Varying the administration time of an effective dose of L-NAME (160nmol, i.t.) resulted(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) are the two major regulatory peptides in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an important regulator of metabolism or energy homeostasis, is implicated in the regulation of the HPA axis in response to stress and may act directly on CRF and AVP(More)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) production by pituitary corticotroph adenomas is the main cause of Cushing's disease. A drug that targets pituitary ACTH-secreting adenomas would aid treatment of Cushing's disease. Octreotide, a somatostatin receptor type 2 (SSTR2)-preferring somatostatin analogue, has no effect on ACTH secretion in patients with(More)
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