Aya Nakajima

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BACKGROUND The nature and severity of menopausal symptoms are highly variable among women. Polymorphisms of the estrogen receptor-beta (ERbeta) gene, such as cytosine-adenine (CA) dinucleotide repeats in intron 5, have been implicated in various diseases. OBJECTIVE We investigated the possible role of a CA dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in intron 5 of(More)
OBJECTIVES This article reviews the prevalence of lumbarisation, sacralisation and lumbar ribs, and their morphological relevance by evaluating multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) images. These segment variations can cause miscounting of vertebrae at the lumbar spinal level. METHODS A retrospective radiographic analysis of 226 cases scanned by MSCT(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the outcome in T1-2 hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC) patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT). PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 103 patients with T1-2 hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated with radical RT between March 2000 and June 2008 at our institution were analyzed. Pre-RT neck dissection (ND) was performed in 26(More)
Small cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix (SCCC) is a rare cancer with a poor prognosis for which no standard treatment exists. Here, we successfully established panels of patient-derived spheroid cultures from six SCCC patient samples by cancer tissue-originated spheroids (CTOS) method. To assess the intrinsic radiosensitivity and mechanism of(More)
Pseudoalteromonas sp. 1020R, isolated from the Pacific coast of Japan, produces prodigiosin family pigments. Structural analysis indicated that these are prodigiosin (2-methyl-3-pentyl-prodiginine) and three other prodigiosin congeners which differ only in the lengths of the alkyl side chains. These compounds exhibited different extents of cytotoxicity(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes the catabolism of heme to biliverdin, CO, and a free iron through three successive oxygenation steps. The third oxygenation, oxidative degradation of verdoheme to biliverdin, has been the least understood step despite its importance in regulating HO activity. We have examined in detail the degradation of a synthetic verdoheme(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy of endoscopic screening for esophageal cancer in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer remains controversial and its impact on prognosis has not been adequately discussed. We studied the use of endoscopic screening to detect esophageal cancer in hypopharyngeal cancer patients by analyzing the incidence, stage and prognosis. METHODS We(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells possess apical-basal polarity, which governs the exchange of nutrients and waste. Perturbation of cell polarity appears to be a general feature of cancers, although most colorectal cancers are differentiated adenocarcinomas, in which polarity is maintained to some extent. Little is known about the role of dysregulated polarity in(More)
Objective Osteoarthritis (OA) is induced by accumulated mechanical stress to joints; however, little has been reported regarding the cause among detailed mechanical stress on cartilage degeneration. This study investigated the influence of the control of abnormal joint movement induced by anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in the articular cartilage.(More)
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