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A 66-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with epigastralgia. Preoperative examinations revealed an 8.0 × 8.0-cm, Borrmann type 2 tumor in the posterior wall of the cardia, without distant metastases. Total gastrectomy with pancreato-splenectomy and regional lymph node dissection was performed curatively. Histologically, the tumor was composed mainly(More)
BACKGROUND Damage to the motor division of the lower cranial nerves that run into the jugular foramen leads to hoarseness, dysphagia, and the risk of aspiration pneumonia; therefore, its functional preservation during surgical procedures is important. Intraoperative mapping and monitoring of the motor rootlets at the cerebellomedullary cistern using(More)
Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are a potential predictor of future stroke risk with clinical relevance for antithrombotic treatments, especially in ischaemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation. However, prospective data on CMBs and risk of stroke in this particular stroke population remain scarce. We therefore performed a single centre longitudinal study(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the recurrent stroke types associated with white matter lesions (WMLs), we prospectively observed recurrences in patients with histories of lacunar infarctions (LIs). METHODS We prospectively analyzed the types of stroke recurrences in 305 patients (138 women, 70.2 ± 11.7 years old) consecutively admitted to our hospital with LIs(More)
OBJECTIVE The basal temporal language area (BTLA) is considered to have several functions in language processing; however, its brain network is still unknown. This study investigated the distribution and networks of the BTLA using a combination of electric cortical stimulation and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). METHOD 10 patients with intractable focal(More)
OBJECTIVE During brain surgery, there are difficulties associated with identifying subcortical fibers with no clear landmarks. We evaluated the usefulness of cortical evoked potentials with subcortical stimuli (subcortico-cortical evoked potential [SCEP]) in identifying subcortical fibers intraoperatively. METHODS We used SCEP to identify the pyramidal(More)
OBJECTIVE Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) are a critical indicator for monitoring motor function during neurological surgery. In this study, the influence of depth of anesthesia on MEP response was assessed. METHODS Twenty-eight patients with brain tumors who underwent awake craniotomy were included in this study. From a state of deep anesthesia until the(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the effectiveness of bypass surgery for moyamoya disease, electrocorticography was first evaluated. METHODS A total of 13 hemispheres in 9 patients with moyamoya disease were included in this study. To record the spectral power of electrocorticography continuously during the bypass procedure, a 4 × 5 subdural electrode grid was(More)
Awake craniotomy is the only established way to assess patients' language functions intraoperatively and to contribute to their preservation, if necessary. Recent guidelines have enabled the approach to be used widely, effectively, and safely. Non-invasive brain functional imaging techniques, including functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion(More)