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Methylphenidate is commonly believed to lower seizure threshold. The safe use of methylphenidate has not been clarified in patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and concomitant active seizure or electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities. Patients with ADHD and active seizures (n = 57) and patients with ADHD and EEG abnormalities (n(More)
BACKGROUND Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is the most common demyelinating disorder of childhood. Its clinical features, prognosis and treatment vary in different reports. OBJECTIVES To examine a series of children with ADEM for clinical findings, course, recurrences, and possible variables affecting outcome. METHODS Multicentric data(More)
Epilepsy is one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders of childhood and carries a strong social stigma. It has been generally accepted that educational programs can be beneficial in reducing the stigma of a number of chronic diseases such as epilepsy. In this article, we describe the first Turkish survey of primary school students' knowledge of(More)
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of epilepsy in Turkey among children between the ages of 0 and 16 years. The study population consisted of 24,773,569 children living in Turkey. Because the prevalence of childhood epilepsy is reported to be 0.001 to 1% in the literature, the sample size was determined as 48,260, with(More)
BACKGROUND Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an effective therapy for pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Nevertheless, information regarding the long-term outcome of VNS in children is limited. AIM To describe the long-term outcome of VNS in patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy treated at the Gazi University Medical Faculty Epilepsy Center, Turkey. PATIENTS(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term surgical outcomes of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative, fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)-positive patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and compare them with those of patients with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). METHODS One hundred forty-one patients(More)
The main goal of this study was to evaluate knowledge of, perceptions of, and attitudes toward epilepsy and then to correlate knowledge with quality of life and stigmatization of children with epilepsy and their families. Specific questionnaires were administered to children aged 8 to 17 with epilepsy (n=220) and their parents (n=313). Poor school(More)
The study objective was to assess the applicability and reliability of the semiological seizure classification in children with epilepsy in outpatient clinics. Ninety patients (age range, 2-16 years) who experienced clinical seizures during prolonged video-electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring were evaluated. Semiological seizure classification was(More)
This study evaluated the effects of oxcarbazepine monotherapy on bone turnover in prepubertal and pubertal children. Thirty-four newly diagnosed pediatric patients with normal bone mineral density, serum biochemical markers of bone formation, and hormonal markers participated. Levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D were significantly decreased after therapy compared(More)
We investigated the relationship between total serum bilirubin and serum Tau and S100B protein levels, and predicted a cutoff level of bilirubin-induced neurotoxicity in term newborns. Total serum bilirubin, serum Tau, and S100B levels were measured in 92 jaundiced term newborns. A neurologic examination, electroencephalogram, brainstem auditory-evoked(More)