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BACKGROUND This study was designed to investigate the effects of inhaled anesthetic agents on respiratory mechanics with low flow anesthesia in laparoscopic abdominal surgery. Two inhaled anesthetics, desflurane and sevoflurane, have a lower solubility in blood and tissues than all previous volatile anesthetics, and have become the preferred volatile(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic exposure to cement dust has been reported to lead to several health problems. Acute and chronic exposure to quartz are associated with the provocation of an inflammatory response and triggers an extensive host defense mechanism. These inflammatory reactions result in the secretions of cytokines, eicosanoids, lytic enzymes, chemotactic(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated systemic and ocular acute safety and intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy of travoprost 0.004% and bimatoprost 0.03%, compared to brimonidine 0.2% and betaxolol 0.25% in healthy subjects. PATIENTS AND METHOD Nineteen (19) young men, ages between 24 and 42, were enrolled in a single-center, institutional randomized,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of hormone therapy (HT) administered to postmenopausal women on pulmonary function tests (PFT). METHODS Eighty-two postmenopausal women who were having natural or surgically initiated menopause and had no risk factor that could affect the respiratory system were included into this prospective, randomized study.(More)
Airway remodeling can be assessed using high-resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) scanning of both parenchymal-and airway abnormalities in patients with asthma. The aim of this study was to examine structural changes in large and small airways of asthmatic patients using HRCT to determine if remodeling changes had occurred after prolonged use of(More)
Ethnic origin has been reported to affect the prevalence of atopic diseases in several studies in different parts of the world. The aim of this study was to determine the current and cumulative prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and reactivities to allergen skin prick tests (SPT) among secondary school students in Afyon, Turkey. The(More)
Airborne fungal pathogens such as Penicillium, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Trichophyton, and Alternaria may cause health problems. In this research, the fungal flora at different bakeries and their potential allergenic effects on the workers were investigated. We investigated 148 workers at 17 industrial type bakeries and 62 workers at 17 home type bakeries(More)
After the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis due to Rosa domescena was suspected in one subject with skin prick and nasal provocation tests, we recruited all other workers employed in rose cultivation in Yakaören village, Isparta. From May 2000 to July 2000 (exposure period 'time of rose handling'), we studied 600 individuals employed in rose cultivation. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate physicians' approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in Afyon, Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS A questionnaire on tuberculosis was filled out by 208 physicians (46 specialists and 162 general practitioners). RESULTS Bacteriology was the preferred method of diagnosis among 75% (n = 156) of the physicians. For treatment(More)
AIMS B2-agonists and anticholinergic drugs may alter cardiac autonomic modulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of inhaled salbutamol and ipratropium bromide on heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS AND RESULTS A randomized, double-blind, crossover design study was conducted on 13 healthy volunteers. Salbutamol, ipratropium or(More)