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1 The effects of 4-Chloro-m-Cresol (4-CmC) were examined on heterologously expressed wild type (WT), Paramyotonia Congenita (R1448H) and Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (M1360V) mutant alpha-subunits of human muscle sodium channels. 2 Block of rested sodium channels caused by 4-CmC was concentration-dependent with an ECR50 of 0.40 mM in WT, 0.45 mM in(More)
GABA release from axonal boutons formed by cortical interneurons shows target cell-dependent sensitivity to group III metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonists, as well as variable dependence on presynaptic Ca2+ influx via N- and P-type channels. How Ca2+ channels interact with heterogeneous mGluR modulation to determine information flow in the(More)
BACKGROUND Animal experiments revealed that succinylcholine produced masseter muscle rigidity and activated myotonic discharges despite neuromuscular blockade with a nondepolarizing blocker. These results suggest that either succinylcholine or its metabolites might interfere directly with voltage-operated ion channels of the sarcolemma. The aim of this(More)
Increasing evidence has suggested that oxidative stress may be involved in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The antioxidant vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) has been shown to slow down the onset and progression of the paralysis in transgenic mice expressing a mutation in the superoxide dismutase gene found in certain forms of familial(More)
The effects of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum from patients having Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) or chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) on voltage-dependent Na+ channels were compared. Bathing human myoballs in CSF substantially reduced their Na+ currents (by > 40% with 8 of 10 patients) elicited at 1 Hz under whole-cell(More)
Effects of the antiarrhythmic and antimyotonic drug mexiletine were studied on two sodium channel mutants causing paramyotonia congenita (R1448H) and an overlap paramyotonic and hyperkalemic paralytic syndrome (M1360V). Channels were expressed in human embryonic kidney cells and studied electrophysiologically, using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique.(More)
Anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder (GA) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are the most common of the psychiatric disorders worldwide with a prevalence of up to 18% (1). These disorders often only receive little attention by mental health services(More)
An endogenous factor that is able to reduce the fast transient sodium current of excitable cells has been reported to exist in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. This was confirmed with nine clinically definite MS patients in the acute relapse. In order to purify and chemically identify the factor, microconcentration and gel(More)
BACKGROUND The value of drug interviews in the treatment of conversion disorder is at present unknown. AIMS To review all the available papers published in English that report on the use of drug interviews for treating conversion/dissociative disorder. METHOD Databases (including EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsycINFO) were searched from 1920 to 2009. Selected(More)
The basal and calmodulin-stimulated activity of the human erythrocyte Ca2(+)-ATPase was determined in 56 healthy individuals of different ages in order to set control values. The basal activity of all 56 healthy subjects was 0.805 +/- 0.525 mumole hydrolyzed ATP/mg protein/hr, while the calmodulin-stimulated activity gave an average of 2.437 +/- 0.785(More)