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The interleukin-1 (IL-1) family of cytokines comprises 11 proteins (IL-1F1 to IL-1F11) encoded by 11 distinct genes in humans and mice. IL-1-type cytokines are major mediators of innate immune reactions, and blockade of the founding members IL-1alpha or IL-1beta by the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) has demonstrated a central role of IL-1 in a(More)
Abstract This paper uses graphical techniques and multinomial logit analysis to evaluate the causes and consequences of episodes of turbulence in foreign exchange markets. Using a quarterly panel of data from 1959 through 1993 for twenty OECD countries, we consider the antecedents and aftermath of devaluations and revaluations, flotations, fixings, and(More)
This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. This paper attempts to(More)
In response to stimuli that activate p53, cells can undergo either apoptosis or cell cycle arrest, depending on the precise pattern of p53 target genes that is activated. We show here that Zbtb4, a transcriptional repressor protein, associates with the Sin3/histone deacetylase co-repressor and represses expression of P21CIP1 as part of a heterodimeric(More)
PURPOSE Amplification of the MYCN oncogene at chromosome 2p24-25 identifies an aggressive subtype of human neuroblastoma with a poor clinical outcome. Differences in amplicon structure and coamplification of genes telomeric and centromeric to the MYCN oncogene have previously been described. A relevant role of gene coamplification for neuroblastoma(More)
OBJECTIVE Fronto-striatal dysfunction has been discussed as underlying symptoms of Tourette syndrome (TS) with co-morbid Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). This suggests possible impairments of executive functions in this disorder, which were therefore targeted in the present study. METHODS A comprehensive series of neuropsychological tests examining(More)
A rapid increase in RNA structural studies has been seen in the past few years, in part due to the interest in the multitude of cellular functions performed by RNA. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy is a useful technique for studying biopolymer structure under physiologically relevant conditions. We present herein the use of pulsed electron(More)
The nuclear factor (NF)-κB transcription factor has essential roles in inflammation and oncogenesis. Its ubiquitous RelA subunit is regulated by several post-translational modifications, including phosphorylation, ubiquitination and acetylation. Ubiquitination promotes the termination of RelA-dependent transcription, but its regulation is incompletely(More)
Given the intimate link between inflammation and dysregulated cell proliferation in cancer, we investigated cytokine-triggered gene expression in different cell cycle stages. Transcriptome analysis revealed that G1 release through cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) and CDK4 primes and cooperates with the cytokine-driven gene response. CDK6 physically and(More)
A pulsed electron double resonance (PELDOR) setup working at S-band frequencies is introduced and its performance compared with an X-band setup. Furthermore, to verify experimentally that it is possible to disentangle the dipolar coupling nu(Dip) from the exchange coupling J by PELDOR we synthesized and investigated four bisnitroxide radicals. They exhibit(More)