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Autobiographical memories in our lives are critically dependent on temporal lobe structures. However, the contribution of CA1 neurons in the human hippocampus to the retrieval of episodic autobiographical memory remains elusive. In patients with a rare acute transient global amnesia, highly focal lesions confined to the CA1 field of the hippocampus can be(More)
Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES) is a severe postinfectious epileptic encephalopathy in previously healthy children and has three phases: the initial phase with a simple febrile infection, a few days later the acute phase characterized by a peracute onset of highly recurrent seizures or refractory status epilepticus often with no more(More)
Gliadel® (Eisai Inc., Woodcliff Lake, NJ, USA) is the only therapeutic agent approved by the Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency for local chemotherapy of malignant gliomas. With increasing use of this treatment, characteristic side effects have become evident. While most side effects can be managed conservatively, cyst formation(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of different treatment strategies on enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O104:H4 induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome. DESIGN Multicentre retrospective case-control study. SETTING 23 hospitals in northern Germany. PARTICIPANTS 298 adults with enterohaemorrhagic E coli induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
Major ischaemic stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. For patients with acute stroke, fast and effective vessel recanalization is important for successful treatment. Neurothrombectomy--that is, angiographically performed mechanical thrombus removal from intracranial arteries--results in higher recanalization rates(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of this study was to explore the volumetric alterations of dural sinuses in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). METHODS Standardized cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used in 17 patients prior to and following treatment of IIH and in seven controls. Magnetic resonance venographies (MRV) were(More)
PURPOSE Ninety percent of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) have epilepsy. Identification of epileptogenic areas can be difficult and studies are needed to characterize the epileptogenic network in more detail. METHODS Five children with TSC and focal epilepsy were studied using simultaneous EEG and functional MRI recordings. Tubers were(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) has recently been described in psoriasis or multiple sclerosis patients treated with fumaric acid esters (fumarates), who had developed severe and long-standing lymphocytopenia (<500/mm(3) ). We report a psoriasis patient who presented with progressive neurologic dysfunction and seizures after 2.5 years of(More)
Hashimoto encephalopathy is characterized by severe neuropsychiatric findings, including psychosis, confusion, seizures, stupor, stroke-like episodes, tremor, and myoclonus. The combination of findings is variable. Hashimoto encephalopathy constitutes an important differential diagnosis in patients with encephalopathy. The triad of encephalopathy,(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiac right-to-left shunt (RLS), mainly due to patent foramen ovale (PFO), is a risk factor for paradoxical embolism and stroke. Results of studies about brain lesions in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in PFO patients were controversial. DWI only detects acute ischemic lesions. We assessed the hypothesis that, in T2-weighted magnetic(More)