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Based on clinical and functional imaging data, the left anterior insula has been assumed to support prearticulatory functions of speech motor control such as the "programming" of vocal tract gestures. In order to further elucidate this model, a recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of our group (Riecker, Ackermann, Wildgruber, Dogil, &(More)
Recent blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have shown a reduction of cerebral activation during aging, which may be associated with age-related changes of the cerebral vascular system. The authors used a global hypercapnic breath-holding challenge to define nonneuronal contributions to a significantly(More)
Rhythm in terms of the modulation of syllable durations represents an information-bearing feature of verbal utterances contributing both to the meaning of a sentence (linguistic prosody) as well as a speaker's emotional expression (affective prosody). In order to delineate the neural structures subserving rhythmic shaping of speech production, functional(More)
Recent functional MRI (fMRI) studies have revealed an increased task-related activation in older subjects during a variety of cognitive or perceptual tasks, which may signal beneficial compensatory activity to counteract structural and neurochemical changes associated with aging. Under the assumption that incremental movement rates are associated with an(More)
Functional imaging studies have delineated a "minimal network for overt speech production", encompassing mesiofrontal structures (supplementary motor area, anterior cingulate gyrus), bilateral pre- and postcentral convolutions, extending rostrally into posterior parts of the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) of the language-dominant hemisphere, left anterior(More)
The neural mechanisms of auditory distance perception, a function of great biological importance, are poorly understood. Where not overruled by conflicting factors such as echoes or visual input, sound intensity is perceived as conveying distance information. We recorded neuromagnetic responses to amplitude variations over both supratemporal planes, with(More)
In search for the pathoanatomical correlate of the restless legs syndrome (RLS), various neuroimaging and electrophysiological techniques have demonstrated partly conflicting results of cortical, subcortical, brainstem, and spinal alterations. In a novel approach, the delineation of potential cerebral white matter tract disruption was investigated by(More)
A classical tenet of clinical neurology proposes that cerebellar disorders may give rise to speech motor disorders (ataxic dysarthria), but spare perceptual and cognitive aspects of verbal communication. During the past two decades, however, a variety of higher-order deficits of speech production, e.g., more or less exclusive agrammatism, amnesic or(More)
So far, only sparse data on the cerebral organization of speech motor control are available. In order to further delineate the neural basis of articulatory functions, fMRI measurements were performed during self-paced syllable repetitions at six different frequencies (2-6 Hz). Bilateral hemodynamic main effects, calculated across all syllable rates(More)
Different motor neuron disorders (MNDs) are mainly defined by the clinical presentation based on the predominance of upper or lower motor neuron impairment and the course of the disease. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) mostly serves as a tool to exclude other pathologies, but novel approaches such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have begun to add(More)