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The MYC proto-oncogene encodes a ubiquitous transcription factor (c-MYC) involved in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation. Deregulated expression of c-MYC caused by gene amplification, retroviral insertion, or chromosomal translocation is associated with tumorigenesis. The function of c-MYC and its role in tumorigenesis are poorly(More)
The β-haemoglobinopathies are the most prevalent inherited disorders worldwide. Gene therapy of β-thalassaemia is particularly challenging given the requirement for massive haemoglobin production in a lineage-specific manner and the lack of selective advantage for corrected haematopoietic stem cells. Compound β(E)/β(0)-thalassaemia is the most common form(More)
The product of the proto-oncogene c-myc (myc) is a potent activator of cell proliferation. In Burkitt lymphoma (BL), a human B-cell tumor, myc is consistently found to be transcriptionally activated by chromosomal translocation. The mechanisms by which myc promotes cell cycle progression in B-cells is not known. As a model for myc activation in BL cells, we(More)
The proto-oncogene c-myc (myc) encodes a transcription factor (Myc) that promotes growth, proliferation and apoptosis. Myc has been suggested to induce these effects by induction/repression of downstream genes. Here we report the identification of potential Myc target genes in a human B cell line that grows and proliferates depending on conditional myc(More)
A human papillomavirus type 16 E7 DNA vaccine with the open reading frame encoding mutations in two zinc-binding motifs expressed a rapidly degraded E7 protein. This vaccine induced a significantly stronger E7-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response and better tumor protection in mice than did a wild-type E7 DNA vaccine expressing a stable E7 protein.
Lymphoblastoid cell lines, generated by immortalization of normal B cells by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in vitro, have strong antigen-presenting capacity, are sensitive to EBV-specific cytotoxic T cells, and are highly allostimulatory in mixed lymphocyte culture. By contrast, EBV-positive Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells are poor antigen presenters, are not(More)
The effect of iontophoresis and the pH of aqueous vehicles on the rate and extent of permeation of lignocaine through excised human stratum corneum was investigated. In the absence of iontophoresis, the rate of penetration was greatest at the higher pH values where lignocaine exists mainly in the unionized form; iontophoresis was most effective at the lower(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus genome carried in the Burkitt lymphoma nonproducer cell line Raji was characterized by partial denaturation mapping and by hybridization of cloned viral fragments to filters containing separated Raji DNA fragments. Partial denaturation mapping revealed that the EBV DNA population of Raji cells is homogeneous and that two deletions are(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) immortalized cells and Burkitt lymphoma cells have a completely different growth pattern and phenotype. EBV immortalized cells express a set of 11 viral genes to accommodate B cell activation and proliferation, whereas EBV-positive Burkitt lymphoma cells highly express the c-myc oncogene that is activated through translocation into(More)
The c-Myc protein (Myc) is a transcription factor, and deregulated expression of the c-myc gene (myc) is frequently found in tumours. In Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), myc is transcriptionally activated by chromosomal translocation. We have used a B-cell line called P493-6 that carries a conditional myc allele to elucidate the role of Myc in the proliferation of(More)