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The β-haemoglobinopathies are the most prevalent inherited disorders worldwide. Gene therapy of β-thalassaemia is particularly challenging given the requirement for massive haemoglobin production in a lineage-specific manner and the lack of selective advantage for corrected haematopoietic stem cells. Compound β(E)/β(0)-thalassaemia is the most common form(More)
The proto-oncogene c-myc (myc) encodes a transcription factor (Myc) that promotes growth, proliferation and apoptosis. Myc has been suggested to induce these effects by induction/repression of downstream genes. Here we report the identification of potential Myc target genes in a human B cell line that grows and proliferates depending on conditional myc(More)
The c-Myc protein (Myc) is a transcription factor, and deregulated expression of the c-myc gene (myc) is frequently found in tumours. In Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), myc is transcriptionally activated by chromosomal translocation. We have used a B-cell line called P493-6 that carries a conditional myc allele to elucidate the role of Myc in the proliferation of(More)
The protein encoded by the c-MYC proto-oncogene is a transcription factor that can both activate and repress the expression of target genes, but few of its transcriptional targets have been identified. Here, c-MYC is shown to repress the expression of the heavy subunit of the protein ferritin (H-ferritin), which sequesters intracellular iron, and to(More)
Chromosomal translocations juxtaposing the MYC protooncogene with regulatory sequences of immunoglobulin (Ig) H chain or kappa (Ig kappa) or lambda (Ig lambda) L chain genes and effecting deregulated expression of MYC are the hallmarks of human Burkitt lymphoma (BL). Here we report that lymphomas with striking similarities to BL develop in mice bearing a(More)
Many cell lines are sensitive to growth at low cell density and undergo apoptosis induced by oxidative stress if the cell density is decreased below a critical threshold. In stable transfection experiments this cell density-dependent growth may be the limiting factor, since during drug selection the cell density falls below the critical threshold,(More)
MHC class I ligands are recruited from the cytosolic peptide pool, whose size is likely to depend on the balance between peptide generation by the proteasome and peptide degradation by downstream peptidases. We asked what fraction of this pool is available for presentation, and how the size of this fraction is modulated by peptide affinity for the TAP(More)
Expression of the proto-oncogene c-myc is tightly regulated in vivo. Transcription of c-myc is assumed to be controlled by a number of positive and negative cis-acting control elements located upstream or within exon 1 and intron 1. However, these regulatory elements are not sufficient for c-myc expression after stable transfection or in transgenic mice.(More)
We have studied the relative rate of transcription across the Epstein-Barr virus genome in the Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Raji by nuclear run-on analysis during latency and after induction of an abortive lytic cycle with 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) and 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine (IUdR). During latency the entire, or almost the entire, viral(More)