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OBJECTIVE The concept of neovascularization in response to tissue ischemia has been extended by the finding of postnatal vasculogenesis initiated by endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The aim of this study was to analyze whether a maximal stress test in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) increases the number of circulating EPCs. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND The nuclear receptors peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) and retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha) stimulate the expression of key enzymes of free fatty acid (FFA) oxidation. We tested the hypothesis that the altered metabolic phenotype of the failing heart involves changes in the protein expression of PPARalpha and(More)
BACKGROUND The reoperative risk for degenerated aortic valve xenografts may be increased in elderly patients with comorbidities. We evaluated the off-pump beating heart concept of transapical aortic valve implantation using the valve-in-valve (VinV) concept. METHODS Since March 2007, 11 patients with degenerated xenografts received transapical aortic(More)
AIMS To describe the procedural performance and 30-day outcomes following implantation using the 18 Fr CoreValve Revalving System (CRS) as part of the multicentre, expanded evaluation registry, 1-year after obtaining CE mark approval. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis and logistic Euroscore > or =15%, or age > or =75(More)
BACKGROUND Abciximab reduces major adverse cardiac events in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Intracoronary abciximab bolus application results in high local drug concentrations and may be more effective than a standard intravenous bolus. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND Transapical aortic valve implantation has evolved to a reproducible therapeutic option for high-risk patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate our learning experience over 4 years and to analyze outcome-related risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 299 patients who received transapical aortic valve implantation between(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine both the procedural performance and safety of percutaneous implantation of the second (21-French [F])- and third (18-F)-generation CoreValve aortic valve prosthesis (CoreValve Inc., Irvine, California). BACKGROUND Percutaneous aortic valve replacement represents an emerging alternative therapy for high-risk and inoperable(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine predictors of permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation up to 30 days after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in a prospective multicenter registry. BACKGROUND Conduction disorders requiring PPM implantation are one of the most common complications seen after TAVI. Knowledge about possible predictors may help to decrease(More)
AIMS Inflammatory heart disease represents an important cause of chronic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Predicting the clinical course of patients with inflammatory cardiomyopathy (iCMP) is difficult, and the prognostic value of current biological markers remains controversial. We tested whether expression of selected microRNAs in endomyocardial biopsies(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the heart in large mammals contains cardiac progenitor cells that regulate organ homeostasis and regenerate dead myocardium after infarction. We report that the dog heart possesses a cardiac stem cell pool characterized by undifferentiated cells that are self-renewing, clonogenic, and multipotent. These(More)