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We study the asymptotics for jump-penalized least squares regression aiming at approximating a regression function by piecewise constant functions. Besides conventional consistency and convergence rates of the estimates in L2([0,1)) our results cover other metrics like Skorokhod metric on the space of càdlàg functions and uniform metrics on C([0,1]) as well(More)
Uniform confidence bands for densities f via nonparametric kernel estimates were first constructed by Bickel and Rosenblatt [Ann. Statist. 1, 1071–1095]. In this paper this is extended to confidence bands in the deconvolution problem g = f ∗ ψ for an ordinary smooth error density ψ. Under certain regularity conditions, we obtain asymptotic uniform(More)
During the past the convergence analysis for linear statistical inverse problems has mainly focused on spectral cut-off and Tikhonov type estimators. Spectral cut-off estimators achieve minimax rates for a broad range of smoothness classes and operators, but their practical usefulness is limited by the fact that they require a complete spectral(More)
Quadratic differentials naturally define analytic orientation fields on planar surfaces. We propose to model orientation fields of fingerprints by specifying quadratic differentials. Models for all fingerprint classes such as arches, loops and whorls are laid out. These models are parametrised by few, geometrically interpretable parameters which are(More)
We introduce a new class of circular time series based on hidden Markov models. These are compared with existing models, their properties are outlined and issues relating to parameter estimation are discussed. The new models conveniently describe multi-modal circular time series as dependent mixtures of circular distributions. Two examples from biology and(More)
The computation of robust regression estimates often relies on minimization of a convex functional on a convex set. In this paper we discuss a general technique for a large class of convex functionals to compute the minimizers iteratively which is closely related to majorization-minimization algorithms. Our approach is based on a quadratic approximation of(More)
Orientation field (OF) estimation is a crucial preprocessing step in fingerprint image processing. In this paper, we present a novel method for OF estimation that uses traced ridge and valley lines. This approach provides robustness against disturbances caused, e.g., by scars, contamination, moisture, or dryness of the finger. It considers pieces of flow(More)
We propose an intrinsic multifactorial model for data on Riemannian manifolds that typically occur in the statistical analysis of shape. Due to the lack of a linear structure, linear models cannot be defined in general; to date only one-way MANOVA is available. For a general multifactorial model, we assume that variation not explained by the model is(More)
We introduce an approach based on the recently introduced functional mode analysis to identify collective modes of internal dynamics that maximally correlate to an external order parameter of functional interest. Input structural data can be either experimentally determined structure ensembles or simulated ensembles, such as molecular dynamics trajectories.(More)
Residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) provide information about the dynamic average orientation of inter-nuclear vectors and amplitudes of motion up to milliseconds. They complement relaxation methods, especially on a time-scale window that we have called supra-tau(c) (tau(c) < supra-tau(c) < 50 micros). Here we present a robust approach called Self-Consistent(More)