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OBJECTIVES Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have been described as suppressors of T-cell functions in many tumor models. However, MDSC in HIV-1 infection have not been studied to date. As impaired T-cell function is a hallmark of chronic progressive HIV-1 infection, we hypothesized that MDSC also play a role here. METHODS Surface staining and flow(More)
The pentaspan protein CD133 (Prominin-1) is part of the signature of tumour-initiating cells for various cancer entities. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of ectopic CD133 expression on tumourigenic properties of otherwise CD133-negative, non-tumourigenic cells in vitro and in vivo. CD133 was stably transfected into human embryonic(More)
Betacellulin (BTC), a ligand of the epidermal growth factor receptor, has been shown to promote growth and differentiation of pancreatic beta-cells and to improve glucose metabolism in experimental diabetic rodent models. We employed transgenic mice (BTC-tg) to investigate the effects of long-term BTC overabundance on islet structure and glucose metabolism.(More)
Eny2, the mammalian ortholog of yeast Sus1 and drosophila E(y)2, is a nuclear factor that participates in several steps of gene transcription and in mRNA export. We had previously found that Eny2 expression changes in mouse pancreatic islets during the metabolic adaptation to pregnancy. We therefore hypothesized that the protein contributes to the(More)
Supplementary Materials and Methods Multicellular Tumor Spheroids Solid tumor spheroids were generated as described previously (1) by seeding 5x10 3-1x10 4 cells/well in a volume of 150 µl/well of culture medium in 96-well plates coated with 1.5% agarose in basal medium. Solid tumor spheroids formed within approximately 24-48 h after initial seeding (d0)(More)
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