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Mitochondrial morphology is regulated in many cultured eukaryotic cells by fusion and fission of mitochondria. A tightly controlled balance between fission and fusion events is required to ensure normal mitochondrial and cellular functions. During ageing, mitochondria are undergoing significant changes on the functional and morphological level. The effect(More)
BACKGROUND Eukaryotic cells have evolved various response mechanisms to counteract the deleterious consequences of oxidative stress. Among these processes, metabolic alterations seem to play an important role. RESULTS We recently discovered that yeast cells with reduced activity of the key glycolytic enzyme triosephosphate isomerase exhibit an increased(More)
The mitochondrial theory of ageing proposes that an accumulation of defective mitochondria is a major contributor to the cellular deterioration that underlies the ageing process. The plausibility of the mitochondrial theory depends critically upon the population dynamics of intact and mutant mitochondria in different cell types. Earlier work suggested that(More)
Cells must be able to process multiple information in parallel and, moreover, they must also be able to combine this information in order to trigger the appropriate response. This is achieved by wiring signalling pathways such that they can interact with each other, a phenomenon often called crosstalk. In this study, we employ mathematical modelling(More)
BACKGROUND The currently used prostate cancer serum marker has a low cancer specificity and improved diagnostics are needed. Here we evaluated whether autoantibodies are present in sera of prostate cancer patients and whether they are useful diagnostic markers for prostate cancer. METHODS Sera from 20 prostate cancer patients and 20 healthy controls were(More)
Evolution theory indicates that ageing is caused by progressive accumulation of defects, since the evolutionary optimal level of maintenance is always below the minimum required for indefinite survival. Evolutionary theories also suggest that multiple processes are operating in parallel, but unfortunately they make no predictions about specific mechanisms.(More)
Protein biochips have a great potential in future parallel processing of complex samples as a research tool and in diagnostics. For the generation of protein biochips, highly automated technologies have been developed for cDNA expression library production, high throughput protein expression, large scale analysis of proteins, and protein microarray(More)
The continuing viability of the free-radical theory of ageing has been questioned following apparently incompatible recent results. We show by modelling positional effects of the generation and primary targets of reactive oxygen species that many of the apparently negative results are likely to be misleading. We conclude that there is instead a need to look(More)