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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a late onset, rapidly progressive and ultimately fatal neurological disorder, caused by the loss of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. Familial aggregation of ALS, with an age-dependent but high penetrance, is a major risk factor for ALS. Familial ALS (FALS) is clinically and genetically heterogeneous. Three(More)
Patient blood management (PBM) is a patient-specific multidisciplinary, multimodal, evidence-based concept to appropriately conserve and manage a patient's own blood as a vital resource. PBM is based on 3 pillars: the first is the optimization of the patient's endogenous red cell mass, the second is the minimization of bleeding and blood loss and the third(More)
INTRODUCTION Many studies have shown that smoking is lower in patients with Parkinson s disease. However, in other investigations this was not observed. The various studies involved showed wide variation with regard to methodology, criteria for diagnosis and periods of observation and hence it is difficult to compare them. DEVELOPMENT The first studies(More)
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