Axel Haverich

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Authors/Task Force Members: Karl Swedberg, Chairperson,* Göteborg (Sweden) Writing Committee: John Cleland, Hull (UK), Henry Dargie, Glasgow (UK), Helmut Drexler, Hannover (Germany), Ferenc Follath, Zurich (Switzerland), Michel Komajda, Paris (France), Luigi Tavazzi, Pavia (Italy), Otto A. Smiseth, Oslo (Norway). Other Contributors: Antonello Gavazzi,(More)
Aortic dissection is a rare but potentially fatal event resulting in separation of the layers of the tunica media by ingress of blood, producing a false lumen with variable proximal and distal extension. Ascending aortic dissection is the most common catastrophe of the aorta; it is 2–3 times more common than rupture of the abdominal aorta. Mortality of(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure is characterized by left ventricular remodeling and reactivation of a fetal gene program; the underlying mechanisms are only partly understood. Here we provide evidence that cardiac microRNAs, recently discovered key regulators of gene expression, contribute to the transcriptional changes observed in heart failure. METHODS(More)
Authors/Task Force members: Raimund Erbel* (Chairperson) (Germany), Victor Aboyans* (Chairperson) (France), Catherine Boileau (France), Eduardo Bossone (Italy), Roberto Di Bartolomeo (Italy), Holger Eggebrecht (Germany), Arturo Evangelista (Spain), Volkmar Falk (Switzerland), Herbert Frank (Austria), Oliver Gaemperli (Switzerland), Martin Grabenwöger(More)
BACKGROUND A systemic inflammatory response after open heart operation may be responsible for hyperdynamic circulatory instability and organ dysfunction. To what extent mediator release is involved needs to be clarified. METHODS Ten patients with postoperative hyperdynamic circulatory dysregulation (group I) requiring application of alpha-constrictors and(More)
BACKGROUND Intramural hemorrhage (IMH) was recently identified at necropsy and anecdotally in vivo as a unique aortic syndrome (without entry and with no flap-like intraluminal component, such as overt aortic dissection). However, little is known about diagnosis, prognosis, and outcome of IMH. METHODS AND RESULTS Between 1983 and 1993, 360 patients from(More)
OBJECTIVE There is no common guideline on what temperature should be achieved at the lower body circulatory arrest followed by the initiation of selective cerebral perfusion. METHODS Between October 1999 and August 2005, a total of 377 patients underwent repair of the aortic arch with selective cerebral perfusion and hypothermic circulatory arrest at 20(More)
OBJECTIVE Tissue engineering of heart valves represents a new experimental concept to improve current modes of therapy in valvular heart disease. Drawbacks of glutaraldehyde fixed tissue valves or mechanical valves include the short durability or the need for life-long anticoagulation, respectively. Both have in common the inability to grow, which makes(More)
T wave concordance in the normal human electrocardiogram (ECG) generally is explained by assuming opposite directions of ventricular depolarization and repolarization; however, direct experimental evidence for this hypothesis is lacking. We used a contact electrode catheter to record monophasic action potentials (MAPs) from 54 left ventricular endocardial(More)
Page Preamble ..................................................................1642 Introduction.............................................................1643 Aortic wall disease...................................................1643 Inherited disease ..................................................1643 Aortic disease in infancy and childhood(More)