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Aortic dissection is a rare but potentially fatal event resulting in separation of the layers of the tunica media by ingress of blood, producing a false lumen with variable proximal and distal extension. Ascending aortic dissection is the most common catastrophe of the aorta; it is 2–3 times more common than rupture of the abdominal aorta. Mortality of(More)
OBJECTIVE Tissue engineered heart valves based on polymeric or xenogeneic matrices have several disadvantages, such as instability of biodegradable polymeric scaffolds, unknown transfer of animal related infectious diseases, and xenogeneic rejection patterns. To overcome these limitations we developed tissue engineered heart valves based on human matrices(More)
Preamble Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents aim to present all the relevant evidence on a particular issue in order to help physicians to weigh the benefits and risks of a particular diagnostic or therapeutic procedure. They should be helpful in everyday clinical decision-making. A great number of Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents have been(More)
AIMS We explored the use of highly purified murine and human pluripotent stem cell (PSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) to generate functional bioartificial cardiac tissue (BCT) and investigated the role of fibroblasts, ascorbic acid (AA), and mechanical stimuli on tissue formation, maturation, and functionality. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine and human(More)
Preamble Provisional guidelines were prepared by the ESC Task Force on Aortic Dissection, as suggested by the committee for Scientific Clinical Initiatives and approved by the ESC Board at its meeting on 17 June 1997. This Task Force consists of 11 members, including representatives of the European Association of Radiology , and the European Society of(More)
BACKGROUND Type I aortic dissection develops in 0.6% of patients late after aortic valve replacement (AVR), and 13% of patients with type I aortic dissections have a history of AVR. Predictors of aortic dissection at AVR, however, have not been characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS A study group of 33 patients with type I aortic dissection had aortic surgery(More)
UNLABELLED We present a case of sternal steel strut dislodgement and migration in a patient undergoing Ravitch repair for pectus excavatum (PE) 37 years ago. Broken struts perforated the right ventricle and right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and additionally migrated into the left upper lobar bronchus.Dislodged sternal struts represent rare(More)
T wave concordance in the normal human electrocardiogram (ECG) generally is explained by assuming opposite directions of ventricular depolarization and repolarization; however, direct experimental evidence for this hypothesis is lacking. We used a contact electrode catheter to record monophasic action potentials (MAPs) from 54 left ventricular endocardial(More)
Tissue engineering, using either polymer or biological based scaffolds, represents the newest approach to overcoming limitations of small diameter prosthetic vascular grafts. Their disadvantages include thromboembolism and thrombosis, anticoagulant related haemorrhage, compliance mismatch, neointimal hyperplasia, as well as aneurysm formation. This current(More)
BACKGROUND The in vivo regeneration capacity of decellularized heart valve grafts is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate function, morphological changes, and cellular composition of decellularized versus re-endothelialized ovine pulmonary valves (PV) after implantation into lambs for 1 or 3 months. METHODS AND RESULTS PV (n=21) were(More)