Axel Groß

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Recent theoretical progress in gas-surface reaction dynamics, a field relevant to heterogeneous catalysis, is described. One of the most fundamental reactions, the dissociative chemisorption of H2 on metal surfaces, can now be treated accurately using quantum mechanics. Density functional theory is used to compute the molecule-surface interaction, and the(More)
The electronic charge density distribution or the electrostatic atomic potential of a solid or molecule contains information not only on the atomic structure, but also on the electronic properties, such as the nature of the chemical bonds or the degree of ionization of atoms. However, the redistribution of charge due to chemical bonding is small compared(More)
A recent scanning tunneling microscopy study by Mitsui et al. [Nature (London) 422, 705 (2003)] challenged the well-accepted picture based on early studies of Langmuir that an ensemble of at least two empty, catalytically active sites is required for the dissociative adsorption; instead, aggregates of three or more vacancies should be necessary. We have(More)
A neural network ͑NN͒ approach is proposed for the representation of six-dimensional ab initio potential-energy surfaces ͑PES͒ for the dissociation of a diatomic molecule at surfaces. We report tests of NN representations that are fitted to six-dimensional analytical PESs for H 2 dissociation on the clean and the sulfur covered Pd͑100͒ surfaces. For the(More)
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The sticking and scattering of O(2)Pt(111) has been studied by tight-binding molecular dynamics simulations based on an ab initio potential energy surface. We focus, in particular, on the sticking probability as a function of the angle of incidence and the energy and angular distributions in scattering. Our simulations provide an explanation for the(More)
A novel H(2) molecular adsorption state on metal surfaces has been detected by temperature-programmed desorption and electron energy loss spectroscopy experiments of the H(2)/Pd(210) system. The molecular nature of this state has been verified by isotope exchange experiments. This molecular state leads to a decrease of the surface work function while atomic(More)
The relaxation of hot hydrogen atoms upon the dissociative adsorption of H2 on Pd(100) was studied by ab initio molecular dynamics simulations based on density functional theory, modeling the full dissociative adsorption process in a consistent manner. In spite of the nonlinear dependence of every single trajectory on the run conditions, on the average it(More)
By studying the adsorption of CO on up to 30 layers of Pt deposited on Ru(0001) the influence of surface strain on the adsorption energy has been disentangled from the residual chemical interaction with the substrate. While the electronic influence of the substrate has largely vanished for three Pt layers, the effect of surface strain due to the 2.5%(More)