Axel Greiner

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BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori plays a decisive role in the pathogenesis of gastric marginal zone B cell lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), and eradication therapy has become a widely accepted initial treatment of stage I disease. OBJECTIVE To determine the long term outcome of patients undergoing exclusive H pylori eradication therapy.(More)
In patients with rheumatoid arthritis the synovial membrane of the affected joint is infiltrated with lymphoid cells which may be arranged in structures resembling germinal centers. We have directly isolated such infiltrates to determine whether B-cell clones within them are selected and expanded in a process analogous to that which normally takes place in(More)
Recently, a new class of human dendritic cell (DC) precursors has been described in the peripheral blood recognized by the mAb M-DC8. These cells represent approximately 1% of PBMC and acquire several characteristics of myeloid DC upon in vitro culture. In this report we show that M-DC8(+) monocytes secrete in response to LPS >10 times the amount of(More)
Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) show genotypic features of germinal centre-derived B-cells in most cases. Nevertheless, these cells typically lack expression of B-cell antigens. Previous studies have suggested that plasma cell differentiation may occur in HRS cells and that this may account for the down-regulation(More)
To investigate the mechanisms of T cell dependence underlying the development of extranodal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type B cell lymphomas, the activation, proliferation, and differentiation of lymphoma B cells were studied using ligand binding to the CD40 membrane receptor. The activation and proliferative response of all investigated(More)
Low-grade marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type can transform into high-grade diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Up to 60% of the MALT lymphomas contain the recently described t(11;18). However, this translocation has not been detected in any DLBCL so far. To elucidate the pathogenesis of these tumors,(More)
PURPOSE Treatment of low-grade gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma by eradication of Helicobacter pylori is reported to result in complete lymphoma remission in approximately 75% of cases. The effect that cure of the infection has on the course of a primary high-grade gastric lymphoma is largely uncertain. The aim of this study was to report(More)
Fas (CD95, APO-1) mutations were found in autoimmune diseases and some lymphomas, suggesting impairment of Fas-mediated cell death signaling that may cause tumor development. Because mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type lymphoma B cells recognize autoantigens and proliferate in response to antigen and T cell-mediated signals, it is suggestive that(More)
Although the phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway has been reported to contribute to the malignant growth of multiple myeloma (MM), the true relevance of Akt kinases for this disease is still unclear. In particular, functional analyses in primary tumor cells and genetic target validation experiments are missing. Here, we used combined(More)
BACKGROUND Grade of malignancy and stage of disease are the decisive prognostic factors and therapeutic determinants in primary gastric lymphoma. It is supposed that EUS allows determination of depth of tumor infiltration and perigastric lymph node involvement, thus defining stages I1, I2, and II1. This multicenter study evaluated the accuracy of EUS in the(More)