Axel Fudickar

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Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is defined as acute bradycardia progressing to asystole combined with lipemic plasma, fatty liver enlargement, metabolic acidosis with negative base excess >10 mmol l(-1), rhabdomyolysis or myoglobinuria associated with propofol infusion. The purpose of this review was to provide a new update of reported case reports and to(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of the balance between nociception and anti-nociception during anaesthesia is challenging and not yet clinically established. The Surgical pleth index (SPI), derived from photoplethysmography, was proposed as a surrogate measure of nociception. Recently, the analgesia nociception index (ANI) derived by heart rate (HR) variability was(More)
EDITOR: Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is a rare and often fatal disease associated with propofol sedation at doses of more than 5 mg kg h for more than 48 h. PRIS is characterized by lipaemic plasma, fatty liver enlargement, metabolic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis or myoglobinuria, cardiac arrhythmia and acute bradycardia progressing to asystole. The(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical repair of the thoracoabdominal aorta is associated with risk of spinal ischemia. Electrophysiologic neuromonitoring reduces this risk, but is usually performed by neurophysiologists not always available. In this study repair of the thoracoabdominal aorta monitored by anesthesiologists has been investigated. METHODS Somatosensory and(More)
BACKGROUND Neurologic deficits after cardiac surgery are common complications. Aim of this prospective observational pilot study was to investigate the incidence of postoperative cognitive deficit (POCD) after cardiac surgery, provided that relevant decrease of cerebral oxygen saturation (cSO2) is avoided during cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS cSO2 was(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Propofol infusion syndrome is a rare but often fatal syndrome, characterized by lactacidosis, lipaemic plasma and cardiac failure, associated with propofol infusion over prolonged periods of time. As propofol is used worldwide, knowledge of propofol infusion syndrome is essential for all anaesthesiologists and intensive care physicians.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Patients undergoing oncologic neck dissection may have many of the risk factors for carotid artery stenosis, thus predisposing them to perioperative cerebral ischaemic events. The present study was designed to investigate development of postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction in these patients. METHODS Twenty-six patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Video laryngoscopes are claimed to improve airway management. Several studies showed an equal or better glottic view using the Glidescope® compared with direct laryngoscopy in adults and in paediatric patients. Many case reports also described successful intubation in patients with a difficult airway. The Glidescope Cobalt® is a modified(More)
This study investigates the incidence of clinically relevant asymmetry in bispectral index readings from different sides of the skull (using two monitors) during ear-nose-throat surgery in 42 adults and 46 children. A unilateral increase or decrease > 10% from baseline was defined as an 'asymmetry'. Asymmetry followed by movement after stimulation was(More)