Axel Cloeckaert

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This study describes the characterization of the recently described Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1) (D. A. Boyd, G. A. Peters, L.-K. Ng, and M. R. Mulvey, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 189:285-291, 2000), which harbors the genes associated with the ACSSuT phenotype in a Canadian isolate of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104. A 43-kb region has been(More)
Chloramphenicol (Cm) and its fluorinated derivative florfenicol (Ff) represent highly potent inhibitors of bacterial protein biosynthesis. As a consequence of the use of Cm in human and veterinary medicine, bacterial pathogens of various species and genera have developed and/or acquired Cm resistance. Ff is solely used in veterinary medicine and has been(More)
As in other Gram-negative bacteria, mechanisms of resistance to quinolones in Salmonella include target gene mutations, active efflux, and decreased outer membrane permeability. However, the exact contribution of these individual mechanisms to resistance, which may nevertheless interplay to reach high-level resistance, has not yet clearly been defined as in(More)
National Salmonella surveillance systems from France, England and Wales, Denmark, and the United States identified the recent emergence of multidrug-resistant isolates of Salmonella enterica serotype Kentucky displaying high-level resistance to ciprofloxacin. A total of 489 human cases were identified during the period from 2002 (3 cases) to 2008 (174(More)
Two major changes in the epidemiology of salmonellosis occurred in the second half of the 20th century: the emergence of food-borne human infections caused by S. Enteritidis and by multiple-antibiotic resistant strains of Salmonella. This review updates information on the S. Enteritidis pandemic and focuses on the emergence of Salmonella, carrying the SGI1(More)
Brucellosis is not a sustainable disease in humans. The source of human infection always resides in domestic or wild animal reservoirs. The routes of infection are multiple: food-borne, occupational or recreational, linked to travel and even to bioterrorism. New Brucella strains or species may emerge and existing Brucella species adapt to changing social,(More)
Following the recent discovery of new Brucella strains from different animal species and from the environment, ten Brucella species are nowadays included in the genus Brucella. Although the intracellular trafficking of Brucella is well described, the strategies developed by Brucella to survive and multiply in phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells,(More)
The gene coding for the major outer membrane protein (OMP) of 31 to 34 kDa, now designated Omp31, of Brucella melitensis 16M was cloned and sequenced. A B. melitensis 16M genomic library was constructed in lambda GEM-12 XhoI half-site arms, and recombinant phages expressing omp31 were identified by using the anti-Omp31 monoclonal antibody (MAb)(More)
Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1) is a genomic island containing an antibiotic resistance gene cluster identified in several Salmonella enterica serovars. The SGI1 antibiotic resistance gene cluster, which is a complex class 1 integron, confers the common multidrug resistance phenotype of epidemic S. enterica Typhimurium DT104. The SGI1 occurrence in S.(More)
The Brucella BvrR/BvrS two-component regulatory system is homologous to the ChvI/ChvG systems of Sinorhizobium meliloti and Agrobacterium tumefaciens necessary for endosymbiosis and pathogenicity in plants. BvrR/BvrS controls cell invasion and intracellular survival. Probing the surface of bvrR and bvrS transposon mutants with monoclonal antibodies showed(More)