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Rho, a member of the Ras superfamily of GTP-binding proteins, regulates actin polymerization resulting in the formation of stress fibers and the assembly of focal adhesions. In Swiss 3T3 cells, heterotrimeric G protein-coupled receptors for lysophosphatidic acid and gastrin releasing peptide stimulate Rho-dependent stress fiber and focal adhesion formation.(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8), the prototypic member of the CXC subfamily of chemokines, induces in neutrophils chemotaxis, the respiratory burst, granule release, and increased cell adhesion. The IL-8 receptor is a seven-transmembrane spanning receptor coupled to specific heterotrimeric G proteins including Gi and G16. IL-8 stimulation of its receptor on(More)
Chemoattractants bind to seven transmembrane-spanning, G-protein-linked receptors on polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils) and induce a variety of functional responses, including activation of microtubule-associated protein (MAP) kinase. Although the pathways by which MAP kinases are activated in neutrophils are unknown, we hypothesized that activation(More)
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) plays a critical role in B cell Ag receptor (BCR) signaling, as indicated by the X-linked immunodeficiency and X-linked agammaglobulinemia phenotypes of mice and men that express mutant forms of the kinase. Although Btk activity can be regulated by Src-family and Syk tyrosine kinases, and perhaps by phosphatidylinositol(More)
The B cell receptor for immunoglobulin G, Fc gammaRIIB1, is a potent transducer of signals that block antigen-induced B cell activation. Coligation of Fc gammaRIIB1 with B lymphocyte antigen receptors (BCR) causes premature termination of phosphoinositide hydrolysis and Ca2+ mobilization and inhibits proliferation. This inhibitory signal is mediated in part(More)
Human neutrophils respond to chemoattractants, resulting in their accumulation at an inflammatory site. Chemoattractants such as the C5a peptide, derived from the C5 complement factor, bind to inhibitory guanine nucleotide binding protein (Gi)-coupled seven membrane-spanning receptors expressed in neutrophils. C5a receptor activation results in the(More)
Experimental evidence contradicts the simplistic view that during development all B cells expressing non autoreactive antigen receptors on the cell surface are selected into the mature B-cell pool. While allelic exclusion, clonal selection and affinity maturation continue to define the mainstream notions of B-cell development and selection, new evidence is(More)
Expression of the GTPase-deficient G alpha 16 polypeptide G alpha 16Q212L, a member of the Gq family of heterotrimeric G proteins, constitutively activated phospholipase C beta activity in Swiss 3T3 cells. Expression of G alpha 16Q212L appears to persistently stimulte a low level of protein kinase C activity which also increases protein kinase A activity in(More)
Occupancy of the B cell glycoprotein, CD72 results in syk-independent activation of phospholipase-C gamma and calcium mobilization. The cytoplasmic tail of CD72 does not contain an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif to directly transduce signals into the B lymphocyte. Hence, we investigated whether other coreceptors such as CD19 and its(More)
Substance P derivatives are potential therapeutic compounds for the treatment of small cell lung cancer and can cause apoptosis in small cell lung cancer cells in culture. These peptides act as broad spectrum neuropeptide antagonists, blocking calcium mobilization induced by gastrin-releasing peptide, bradykinin, cholecystokinin, and other neuropeptides. We(More)