Axel Bouchon

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We have identified new activating receptors of the Ig superfamily expressed on human myeloid cells, called TREM (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells). TREM-1 is selectively expressed on blood neutrophils and a subset of monocytes and is up-regulated by bacterial LPS. Engagement of TREM-1 triggers secretion of IL-8, monocyte chemotactic protein-1,(More)
Host innate responses to bacterial infections are primarily mediated by neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages. These cells express pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that bind conserved molecular structures shared by groups of microorganisms. Stimulation of PRR signalling pathways initiates secretion of proinflammatory mediators, which promote the(More)
Gene targeting of the adaptor molecule DAP12 in mice caused abnormal distribution and impaired antigen presentation capacity of dendritic cells (DCs). However, the DAP12-associated receptors expressed on DCs and their functions have not been identified yet. Here we show that the triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2 (TREM-2) is a cell surface(More)
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) potently amplifies acute inflammatory responses by enhancing degranulation and secretion of proinflammatory mediators. Here we demonstrate that TREM-1 is also crucially involved in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Myeloid cells of the normal intestine generally lack TREM-1 expression. In(More)
Patients with the X-linked lymphoproliferative disorder (XLPD) are unable to control Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced infections and lymphoproliferation. This disease is caused by a deficit of SAP, an adapter protein involved in the signal transduction of several cell surface receptors of the CD2 superfamily. One of these receptors, called 2B4, is expressed(More)
Some CD2 family receptors stimulate NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity through a signaling pathway, which is dependent on the recruitment of an adapter protein called SLAM-associated protein (SAP). In this work we identify a novel leukocyte cell surface receptor of the CD2 family called CD2-like receptor activating cytotoxic cells (CRACC). CRACC is expressed on(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To evaluate plasma levels of soluble TREM-1 (sTREM-1) in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), severe sepsis, and septic shock and to determine whether plasma sTREM-1 could be used as a diagnostic and prognostic marker in sepsis in the surgical ICU. METHODS The study was designed as an observational(More)
Sepsis still represents an important clinical and economic challenge for intensive care units. Severe complications like multi-organ failure with high mortality and the lack of specific diagnostic tools continue to hamper the development of improved therapies for sepsis. Fundamental questions regarding the cellular pathogenesis of experimental and clinical(More)
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 is a cell surface molecule on neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages implicated in the amplification of inflammatory responses by enhancing degranulation and secretion of proinflammatory mediators. Macrophages play an important role in the intestinal mucosal immune system, because they are(More)