Axel A Ullrich

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The HER-2/neu oncogene is a member of the erbB-like oncogene family, and is related to, but distinct from, the epidermal growth factor receptor. This gene has been shown to be amplified in human breast cancer cell lines. In the current study, alterations of the gene in 189 primary human breast cancers were investigated. HER-2/neu was found to be amplified(More)
Cross-communication between different signalling systems allows the integration of the great diversity of stimuli that a cell receives under varying physiological situations. The transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-dependent signalling pathways upon stimulation of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which are critical for the(More)
Carcinoma of the breast and ovary account for one-third of all cancers occurring in women and together are responsible for approximately one-quarter of cancer-related deaths in females. The HER-2/neu proto-oncogene is amplified in 25 to 30 percent of human primary breast cancers and this alteration is associated with disease behavior. In this report,(More)
Transduction of a mitogenic signal from the cell membrane to the nucleus involves the adapter proteins SHC and Grb2, which mediate activation of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway. In contrast to receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), the signalling steps leading to Ras/MAP kinase activation by G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are still(More)
Examination of flk-1 receptor tyrosine kinase mRNA expression by in situ hybridization analysis revealed specific association with endothelial cells at all stages of mouse development, including the blood islands in the yolk sac of day 8.5-10.5 embryos, in which the early progenitors of this lineage originate. flk-1 transcripts were abundant in(More)
SU5416, a novel synthetic compound, is a potent and selective inhibitor of the Flk-1/KDR receptor tyrosine kinase that is presently under evaluation in Phase I clinical studies for the treatment of human cancers. SU5416 was shown to inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor-dependent mitogenesis of human endothelial cells without inhibiting the growth of a(More)
The complete 1,210-amino acid sequence of the human epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor precursor, deduced from cDNA clones derived from placental and A431 carcinoma cells, reveals close similarity between the entire predicted v-erb-B mRNA oncogene product and the receptor transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. A single transmembrane region of 23 amino(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a novel, widely expressed protein (called growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 or GRB2) containing one src homology 2 (SH2) domain and two SH3 domains was isolated. Immunoblotting experiments indicate that GRB2 associates with tyrosine-phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) and platelet-derived growth factor(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF), through interaction with specific cell surface receptors, generates a pleiotropic response that, by a poorly defined mechanism, can induce proliferation of target cells. Subversion of the EGF mitogenic signal through expression of a truncated receptor may be involved in transformation by the avian erythroblastosis virus (AEV)(More)